Psychosocial & Stress Disorders Flashcards

Psychosocial & Stress Disorders Flashcards
1/34 (missed) 0 0
Create Your Account To Continue Studying

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Try it risk-free
Try it risk-free for 30 days. Cancel anytime
Already registered? Log in here for access
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A kind of anxiety disorder that features anxiety that occurs persistently over at least 6 months. This anxiety happens even during normal day-to-day life.
Got it
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Individuals who have this anxiety disorder feel the need to perform repetitive actions and experience irrational thoughts.
Got it
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder that occurs after someone goes through a traumatic circumstance. This disorder can include symptoms such as nightmares, anger and irritability.
Got it
Clinical Interviews
Psychologists use this assessment by speaking with a patient to assess the ways the patient thinks or reasons things out.
Got it
Aptitude Exams
These exams can be used to measure a person's skill in a certain area.
Got it
Psychotherapy
This is another term for talk therapy, or a type of therapy where an individual with a disorder discusses their issues in either a group setting or one-on-one.
Got it
Psychiatrist
Unlike psychologists, these individuals can prescribe medication to patients. They are especially valuable for patients who have psychological issues that may be tied to other diseases.
Got it
Psychologist
These individuals are trained and educated to assist people who experience extreme, disruptive feelings, thoughts or behaviors. They make use of interviews and assessments to help people.
Got it
Self-Esteem
You use this term to refer to an individual's sense of value and worth. Individuals with a lot of this are confident, take pride in accomplishments and treat everyone with respect.
Got it
Learned Optimism
This idea holds that individuals can teach themselves to think positively about good and bad events, allowing them to build up their psychosocial health.
Got it
Internal Factors of Psychosocial Health
The factors inside a person that impact that person's psychosocial health. These can include their personality, hormones, such as those associated with menopause, and even self-esteem.
Got it
External Factors of Psychosocial Health
These are factors that exist outside of a person and influence their psychosocial health, such as pressure from friends or family members.
Got it
Psychosocial View of Mood Disorders
This view asserts that mood disorders are caused by a person's environment. Doctors with this view often treat disorders with talk therapy.
Got it
Biological View of Mood Disorders
Scientists who take this view believe that brain abnormalities are responsible for causing mood disorders. They would recommend treatment that involves mood stabilizing drugs.
Got it
Depressive / Unipolar Disorder
This mood disorder is characterized by feelings of sadness. Individuals with this disorder typically aren't interested in what's happening around them and they might feel very tired.
Got it
Bipolar Disorder
Individuals who suffer from this mood disorder generally move between periods of mania and depression.
Got it
Mood / Affective Disorders
Psychological disorders of this type are characterized by exaggerated feelings, or feelings that aren't normal. Patients may feel too energetic or overly exhausted.
Got it
34 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You can access these flashcards for a chance to focus on mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder and depressive disorder. Anxiety disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder will also be covered. You'll also find cards that deal with stress and general adaptation syndrome. The differences between psychologists and psychiatrists will be discussed. Additionally, you'll be able to review treatment options for various disorders, including talk therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and drug treatments.

Front
Back
Mood / Affective Disorders
Psychological disorders of this type are characterized by exaggerated feelings, or feelings that aren't normal. Patients may feel too energetic or overly exhausted.
Bipolar Disorder
Individuals who suffer from this mood disorder generally move between periods of mania and depression.
Depressive / Unipolar Disorder
This mood disorder is characterized by feelings of sadness. Individuals with this disorder typically aren't interested in what's happening around them and they might feel very tired.
Biological View of Mood Disorders
Scientists who take this view believe that brain abnormalities are responsible for causing mood disorders. They would recommend treatment that involves mood stabilizing drugs.
Psychosocial View of Mood Disorders
This view asserts that mood disorders are caused by a person's environment. Doctors with this view often treat disorders with talk therapy.
External Factors of Psychosocial Health
These are factors that exist outside of a person and influence their psychosocial health, such as pressure from friends or family members.
Internal Factors of Psychosocial Health
The factors inside a person that impact that person's psychosocial health. These can include their personality, hormones, such as those associated with menopause, and even self-esteem.
Learned Optimism
This idea holds that individuals can teach themselves to think positively about good and bad events, allowing them to build up their psychosocial health.
Self-Esteem
You use this term to refer to an individual's sense of value and worth. Individuals with a lot of this are confident, take pride in accomplishments and treat everyone with respect.
Psychologist
These individuals are trained and educated to assist people who experience extreme, disruptive feelings, thoughts or behaviors. They make use of interviews and assessments to help people.
Psychiatrist
Unlike psychologists, these individuals can prescribe medication to patients. They are especially valuable for patients who have psychological issues that may be tied to other diseases.
Psychotherapy
This is another term for talk therapy, or a type of therapy where an individual with a disorder discusses their issues in either a group setting or one-on-one.
Aptitude Exams
These exams can be used to measure a person's skill in a certain area.
Clinical Interviews
Psychologists use this assessment by speaking with a patient to assess the ways the patient thinks or reasons things out.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder that occurs after someone goes through a traumatic circumstance. This disorder can include symptoms such as nightmares, anger and irritability.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Individuals who have this anxiety disorder feel the need to perform repetitive actions and experience irrational thoughts.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A kind of anxiety disorder that features anxiety that occurs persistently over at least 6 months. This anxiety happens even during normal day-to-day life.
Phobias
These represent fears of a certain situation or thing. The fear is strong enough to be disabling and occurs on a persistent basis.
Anxiety Disorders
A category of mental disorders characterized by the presence of abnormal amounts of anxiety, fear and distress.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
This type of therapy attempts to help patients change their dysfunctional behaviors and thoughts. This makes it an effective form of treatment for anxiety disorders.
Benzodiazepines
A type of sedative sometimes prescribed to treat anxiety disorders.
Antidepressants
These drugs can treat depression and may also be used to treat patients with anxiety disorders.
Possible causes of anxiety disorders

Genetics

Abnormally high reactions in the fear circuit

Occurrences of traumatic brain injury

Emotional Intelligence Components

Skills managing relationships

Management of your own emotions

Being able to know your personal emotions and the emotions of others

Ability to self-motivate

Psychosocial Health Components

Mental health

Social health

Emotional health

Spiritual health

Methods for coping with stress

Exercise to release endorphins

Get enough sleep

Perform an activity that makes you laugh

Eat healthy meals

General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
This syndrome relates to how the body responds physiologically to stress. It includes three phases of stress: alarm, resistance and exhaustion.
The Resistance Phase of General Adaptation Syndrome
Individuals in this stage of GAS have been faced with a stressor for several hours. They generally try to contain emotions, self-isolate and deny there is a problem.
The Alarm Phase of General Adaptation Syndrome
This represents the first GAS phase. It occurs when a stressor first appears and triggers the release of epinephrine.
The Exhaustion Phase of General Adaptation Syndrome
Individuals who reach this GAS phase can face severe illness or even death. At this stage, all of a person's resources have been depleted by the stressor.
Health risks caused by chronic stress

Alcoholism

Sexual dysfunction

Gastrointestinal difficulties

Cardiovascular and kidney disease

Cancer

Chronic Stress
A type of stress that continues over a long period of time.
Distress
A negative form of stress that damages a person's quality of life. Like eustress, this type of stress represents both a physiological and psychological response.
Eustress
Stress of this type is considered positive. It leads to improvements in a person's life.

To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Support