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Relative Pronouns List & Flashcards

Relative Pronouns List & Flashcards
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Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The soldier _____ received the medal was very brave.'

who
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The gas station, _____ was the only gas station in town, closed early on Sunday.'

which
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The farm _____ we visited was selling apples for a good price.'

that
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The dog, _____ owner had been gone all day, waited by the door.'

whose
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The candidates, _____ we decide to interview, should bring a portfolio of their work.'

whomever
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'Michael or Carol, _____ arrives home first, will start preparing dinner.'

whoever
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The woman to _____ I had spoken turned out to be my neighbor.'

whom
Got it

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The woman, _____ didn't like tea very much, ordered coffee.'

who
Got it
Describe when to use the word whomever as a relative pronoun.
Use whomever as a relative pronoun when it acts as the object of a clause, or it is preceded by a preposition. Whomever is used when a clause is not referring to a definite person or group of people.
Got it
Describe when to use the word whoever as a relative pronoun.
Use whoever as a relative pronoun when it acts as the subject of a clause, and when a clause is not referring to a definite person or group of people.
Got it
Describe when to use the word whose as a relative pronoun.
Use whose as a relative pronoun when showing ownership or possession. Whose may refer to both human and non-human antecedents.
Got it
Describe when to use the word which as a relative pronoun.
Use which as a relative pronoun in non-restrictive clauses. Which is also used in restrictive clauses when it is preceded by a preposition, functioning as the object of the clause.
Got it
Describe when to use the word that as a relative pronoun.
Use that as a relative pronoun in restrictive clauses. That can be used in cases where the antecedent is not a human being, or in cases where it is uncertain if the antecedent is a human being.
Got it
Describe when to use the word whom as a relative pronoun.
Use whom as a relative pronoun when it acts as the object of a clause and when it is preceded by a preposition. It can only be used to refer to human beings.
Got it
Describe when you would use the word who as a relative pronoun.
Use who as a relative pronoun when it acts as the subject of the clause and only when it refers to human beings.
Got it
Non-restrictive Clause
A clause that does not include important information needed to understand a sentence
Got it
Restrictive Clause
A clause that includes important or critical information needed to understand a sentence
Got it
Relative Pronoun
A pronoun that helps connect a relative clause to a main clause (examples: who, whom, whoever, whomever, whose, that, and which).
Got it
Relative Clause
A clause that adds detail on to the main clause of the sentence.
Got it
Pronouns
Words that can replace nouns in a sentence.
Got it
47 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Pronouns are words that can replace nouns in sentences. Why would we want to do that? Using pronouns avoids repetition in sentences and adds richness to our language.

This particular flashcard set will review pronouns used in relative clauses, or clauses that add details on to the main clause of the sentence. The relative pronouns studied in this deck are who, whom, whoever, whomever, whose, that and which.

Things to consider when choosing the correct relative pronoun include:

  • What is the antecedent (or the word the pronoun is replacing)? Is the antecedent a human being? Or an animal? An object? A thing? Is the antecedent defined, or could it be open ended?
  • How is the pronoun being used? Is it the subject of a clause or an object?
  • Is the relative clause important to understanding the rest of the sentence?
  • Is the pronoun preceded by a preposition?

Your answer to these questions should help point you to the right answer!

Front
Back
Pronouns
Words that can replace nouns in a sentence.
Relative Clause
A clause that adds detail on to the main clause of the sentence.
Relative Pronoun
A pronoun that helps connect a relative clause to a main clause (examples: who, whom, whoever, whomever, whose, that, and which).
Restrictive Clause
A clause that includes important or critical information needed to understand a sentence
Non-restrictive Clause
A clause that does not include important information needed to understand a sentence
Describe when you would use the word who as a relative pronoun.
Use who as a relative pronoun when it acts as the subject of the clause and only when it refers to human beings.
Describe when to use the word whom as a relative pronoun.
Use whom as a relative pronoun when it acts as the object of a clause and when it is preceded by a preposition. It can only be used to refer to human beings.
Describe when to use the word that as a relative pronoun.
Use that as a relative pronoun in restrictive clauses. That can be used in cases where the antecedent is not a human being, or in cases where it is uncertain if the antecedent is a human being.
Describe when to use the word which as a relative pronoun.
Use which as a relative pronoun in non-restrictive clauses. Which is also used in restrictive clauses when it is preceded by a preposition, functioning as the object of the clause.
Describe when to use the word whose as a relative pronoun.
Use whose as a relative pronoun when showing ownership or possession. Whose may refer to both human and non-human antecedents.
Describe when to use the word whoever as a relative pronoun.
Use whoever as a relative pronoun when it acts as the subject of a clause, and when a clause is not referring to a definite person or group of people.
Describe when to use the word whomever as a relative pronoun.
Use whomever as a relative pronoun when it acts as the object of a clause, or it is preceded by a preposition. Whomever is used when a clause is not referring to a definite person or group of people.

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The woman, _____ didn't like tea very much, ordered coffee.'

who

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The woman to _____ I had spoken turned out to be my neighbor.'

whom

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'Michael or Carol, _____ arrives home first, will start preparing dinner.'

whoever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The candidates, _____ we decide to interview, should bring a portfolio of their work.'

whomever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The dog, _____ owner had been gone all day, waited by the door.'

whose

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The farm _____ we visited was selling apples for a good price.'

that

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The gas station, _____ was the only gas station in town, closed early on Sunday.'

which

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The soldier _____ received the medal was very brave.'

who

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The man, _____ I had never met, knew my name.'

whom

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The winner, _____ runs the fastest, will receive a medal.'

whoever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'You can choose one friend, _____ you like, to come to the carnival with us.'

whomever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I finally met the author _____ books I have read a thousand times!'

whose

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'There was an odd odor in the car _____ we rented.'

that

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The city in _____ I was staying had a coffee shop on every corner.'

which

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I gave the job to the person _____ volunteered first.'

who

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The boy, _____ I knew from school, bumped into me at the store.'

whom

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'Report the problem to the resort staff, _____ is available at the front desk.'

whoever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'One of your group members, _____ you prefer, should present your project to the class.'

whomever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The man _____ order I took requested a refill on his coffee.'

whose

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The museum _____ we visited had an exhibit about dinosaurs.'

that

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I delivered the package to the place to _____ it was addressed.'

which

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The doctor _____ prescribed the medication did not offer me a refill.'

who

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The teacher from _____ I received the assignment was out sick today.'

whom

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The hecklers in the crowd, _____ criticized his performance, were not very kind.'

whoever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'_____ he takes to the dance, he must buy her a corsage.'

Whomever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'My grandmother, _____ cooking is always excellent, entered the contest at the fair.'

whose

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The entree _____ I ordered was undercooked.'

that

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The storm, _____ toppled trees and power lines, came through on Saturday morning.'

which

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The president _____ was in office at the time vetoed the bill.'

who

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I had a long talk with my brother, with _____ I drove to the family reunion.'

whom

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The marathon participants, _____ ran in the race, should be proud of their hard work.'

whoever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'The people in my carpool, _____ I will drive to work this week, should be ready on time.'

whomever

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I chose to hire the contractor _____ timeline for completion was the shortest.'

whose

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I didn't know the song _____ was playing on the radio.'

that

Insert the appropriate relative pronoun into this sentence:

'I do not have big plans for New Year's Day, _____ falls on a Wednesday this year.'

which

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