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Research Methods in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Flashcards

Research Methods in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Flashcards
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Falsifiability

This means that a new theory or hypothesis must be able to be proved false.

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Replicability

Scientific findings demonstrate this when they can be reproduced and reliably occur in the same way.

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Empiricism

You demonstrate this when you support or disprove claims based on real evidence and not faith, logic, or intuition.

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Issues Related to Ethics: Personally Identifiable Information

This is data that could allow people to determine who the research participants actually are, such as names or physical descriptions. It should not be shared.

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Issues Related to Ethics: Informed Consent

This is established when you let research participants know what to expect from your research, including any possible risks that may occur.

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Issues Related to Ethics: Debriefing

This post-research interview with any participants in your ethical research allows all parties to talk about what happened and helps participants feel good about their contribution.

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Open-Ended Question

The kind of question that does not have a set answer. These questions can result in a wide range of responses.

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Qualitative Data

This information cannot be simply measured. It may deal with the opinions or the feelings of employees. Researching this may require you to observe how people act.

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Quantitative Data

This kind of information can be measured and may involve numbers.

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Close-Ended Question

These questions ask for a specific answer, like a number or a ''Yes'' or ''No'' answer.

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Unobtrusive Measurement

You use this data collection method when you aren't present at the data location or you aren't directly involved with the collection. Researching employees' old timecards is an example of this.

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Factor Analysis

This statistical method can be used to identify any variables that are latent.

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Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)

This can be used to focus on how at least two latent variables relate to one another. It is connected to factor analysis.

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Logistical Regression

This model is used with categorical outcome variables. It looks at predictor variables that are categorical or continuous.

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Multiple Regression

This method can be used to analyze how at least two predictor variables relate to a continuous outcome variable.

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Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

You can make use of this statistical method when you need to assess the way categorical predictor variables relate to continuous outcome variables.

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32 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You can access this set of flashcards to review different types of research, including:

  • Exploratory
  • Descriptive
  • Explanatory
  • Correlational
  • Quasi-experimental
  • Longitudinal

These cards also focus on the characteristics of high-quality research, such as:

  • Empiricism
  • Falsifiability
  • Parsimony
  • Replicability
  • Determinism

You can go over qualitative and quantitative data as well as open and closed-ended questions. Ethical issues associated with research are also addressed by the flashcards in this set.

Front
Back
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

You can make use of this statistical method when you need to assess the way categorical predictor variables relate to continuous outcome variables.

Multiple Regression

This method can be used to analyze how at least two predictor variables relate to a continuous outcome variable.

Logistical Regression

This model is used with categorical outcome variables. It looks at predictor variables that are categorical or continuous.

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)

This can be used to focus on how at least two latent variables relate to one another. It is connected to factor analysis.

Factor Analysis

This statistical method can be used to identify any variables that are latent.

Unobtrusive Measurement

You use this data collection method when you aren't present at the data location or you aren't directly involved with the collection. Researching employees' old timecards is an example of this.

Close-Ended Question

These questions ask for a specific answer, like a number or a ''Yes'' or ''No'' answer.

Quantitative Data

This kind of information can be measured and may involve numbers.

Qualitative Data

This information cannot be simply measured. It may deal with the opinions or the feelings of employees. Researching this may require you to observe how people act.

Open-Ended Question

The kind of question that does not have a set answer. These questions can result in a wide range of responses.

Issues Related to Ethics: Debriefing

This post-research interview with any participants in your ethical research allows all parties to talk about what happened and helps participants feel good about their contribution.

Issues Related to Ethics: Informed Consent

This is established when you let research participants know what to expect from your research, including any possible risks that may occur.

Issues Related to Ethics: Personally Identifiable Information

This is data that could allow people to determine who the research participants actually are, such as names or physical descriptions. It should not be shared.

Empiricism

You demonstrate this when you support or disprove claims based on real evidence and not faith, logic, or intuition.

Replicability

Scientific findings demonstrate this when they can be reproduced and reliably occur in the same way.

Falsifiability

This means that a new theory or hypothesis must be able to be proved false.

Determinism

The aspect of research that argues that natural causes are responsible for causing events, as opposed to a supernatural origin.

Parsimony

This represents the act of looking for the simplest way to explain an occurrence. It supports the idea of Ockham's razor.

Observer Bias

This occurs when the people monitoring an observation see what they want or expect to see, instead of what's actually there. This can be influence by prejudice.

Bobo Doll Study

This study showed that children will imitate the behaviors that they see adults performing.

Exploratory Research

The kind of research that is conducted first when exploring a new idea. This puts down the foundations for further study.

Descriptive Research

You conduct this type of research to gain more information about an issue while exploring it further in an attempt to explain it more fully.

Explanatory Research

This research helps you grasp the cause and effect associated with what you are studying. It is predictive in nature.

Quasi-Experimental Research

Research that features a few characteristics associated with true experiments, but not all of them. For example, you might not have a random sample for this kind of research.

Correlational Research

The kind of research that focuses on how two things relate to one another. This kind of research does not indicate causation.

Longitudinal Research Study

You conduct this kind of research when you study a single person or group for a long amount of time.

True Experiment

This kind of experiment requires an environment that is controlled. It involves manipulating independent variables and measuring the changes this causes in dependent variables.

Non-Probability Sample

A group of people who are not picked randomly to participate in an experiment.

Probability Sample

The type of sample that is completely made up of people who were picked randomly.

Cause and Effect Relationship

This occurs between variables that affect one another. For example, if you change an independent variable and the dependent variable reacts, it may indicate this.

Operational Definition

This tells you what you are going to measure when you are completing quantitative research.

Mixed Research Method

You use this method for carrying out research if you utilize both qualitative and quantitative skills.

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