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Research Methods in Psychology Flashcards

Research Methods in Psychology Flashcards
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Overt Observation
A way of studying behavior by observing it directly.
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The 3 Types of Descriptive Research

Observational research,

Case study,

Survey

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Covert Observation
The researcher acts as a participant in the study without the other participants' knowledge, to keep the research intentions secret.
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Hypothesis
A hypothesis is a statement about a researcher's beliefs; it is tested through the scientific method.
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Experimental Research
Experimental research is the use of human test subjects to prove the existence of a cause and effect relationship between two variables.
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Correlational Research
Examines the relationship between two variables to see if one variable affects the values or levels of the other.
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Descriptive Research
Various methods for describing participants in a research study.
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The 3 General Categories of Psychological Research

Descriptive research,

Correlational research,

Experimental research

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Content Analysis
Describes the quantity and content of words, images, or concepts in a form of media to determine people's attitudes and opinions.
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Qualitative Research
Examining data that is non-numerical without the use of math, statistics, formulas or models. This can include observation and interviews.
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Quantitative Research
The empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques that uses some type of numerical measurement to test a hypothesis.
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22 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Have you ever wondered why people act the way they do, or have you come up with your own explanations for people's behavior? Research psychologists have a set of research methods that they use to study people and understand their thoughts and actions. This flashcard set covers the main categories of psychology research as well and specific techniques like covert observation and surveys.

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Quantitative Research
The empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques that uses some type of numerical measurement to test a hypothesis.
Qualitative Research
Examining data that is non-numerical without the use of math, statistics, formulas or models. This can include observation and interviews.
Content Analysis
Describes the quantity and content of words, images, or concepts in a form of media to determine people's attitudes and opinions.
The 3 General Categories of Psychological Research

Descriptive research,

Correlational research,

Experimental research

Descriptive Research
Various methods for describing participants in a research study.
Correlational Research
Examines the relationship between two variables to see if one variable affects the values or levels of the other.
Experimental Research
Experimental research is the use of human test subjects to prove the existence of a cause and effect relationship between two variables.
Hypothesis
A hypothesis is a statement about a researcher's beliefs; it is tested through the scientific method.
Covert Observation
The researcher acts as a participant in the study without the other participants' knowledge, to keep the research intentions secret.
The 3 Types of Descriptive Research

Observational research,

Case study,

Survey

Overt Observation
A way of studying behavior by observing it directly.
Psychological Research
A careful and detailed study of people's experiences and behaviors using the scientific method.
Scientific Method
The process of testing a hypothesis using experiments, to help scientists formulate theories.
Field/Naturalistic Observation
Observing participants in the real world.
Laboratory Observation
Participants are studied in a laboratory setting.
Survey
When a participant is given a brief interview or a set of questions to respond to.
Case Study
An in-depth study of a subject, often on rare or unusual phenomena the researcher cannot recreate.
Control Group
The group of participants in an experiment that does not receive the experimental treatment or manipulation.
Experimental Group
The group of participants in an experiment that receives the treatment or manipulation.
Random Assignment
Participants have an equal chance of being assigned to any condition in an experiment.
The 3 Criteria of a True Experiment

Experimental and control groups,

A variable manipulated by the researcher,

Random assignment of participants

Independent Variable
The variable in an experiment that a researcher manipulates.

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