Role of Laos & Cambodia in the Vietnam War Flashcards

Role of Laos & Cambodia in the Vietnam War Flashcards
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Khmer Rouge
The Communist Party of Cambodia, led by Pol Pot.
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Cambodia and Laos' fall to communism
In 1975, Cambodia and Laos fell to communism following North Vietnam's victory in the War.
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B-52 bombers in the War
The U.S. Air Force used heavy B-52 bombers to launch carpet bombing operations around Vietnam's borders.
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Henry Kissinger
U.S. President Richard Nixon's National Security Advisor, who played a major role in the Vietnam War.
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Outcome of Operation Lam Son 719
Operation Lam Son 719 was quickly thwarted by North Vietnamese forces, who then launched their own operation known as the Easter Offensive.
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Campaigns of Operation Menu
The campaigns of Operation Menu, the U.S. bombing of Laos and Cambodia, included Operation Breakfast, Operation Lunch, Operation Snack, Operation Dinner, Operation Supper, and Operation Dessert.
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Prince Sihanouk
Cambodia's leader during the Vietnam War, who attempted to distance his country from the conflict. He eventually allowed communist forces to create bases in Cambodia.
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Secrecy in the bombings of Laos and Cambodia
The U.S. bombings of Laos and Cambodia were kept secret from the American public, primarily to avoid domestic anti-war protests.
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Cambodia's initial reaction to the Vietnam War
Until April 1970, Cambodia remained neutral in the Vietnam War. This changed following a U.S. ground troop offensive against it.
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Operation Lam Son 719
An operation under U.S. President Nixon, which ordered South Vietnamese troops into Laos to destroy its communist bases.
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Viet Cong
Guerilla forces which fought on behalf of communist North Vietnam. Their locations in Laos and Cambodia were targeted by U.S. bombings.
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Operation Menu
A secret bombing campaign against Laos and Cambodia, launched by President Nixon in 1969.
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Nixon's motive for attacking Laos and Cambodia
Nixon launched airstrikes on Laos and Cambodia, allies of North Vietnam, in an attempt to demonstrate his willingness to do anything necessary to stop the War.
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Cambodia's involvement in the Vietnam War
Cambodia supported North Vietnam in the Vietnam War, by allowing its troops to establish bases within its boundaries. As a result, Cambodia was the target of sustained U.S. bombings under Nixon.
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Laos' involvement in the Vietnam War
Laos supported North Vietnam during the Vietnam War by providing its troops with safe havens. As a result, Laos sustained bombings and invasions from South Vietnam and the U.S. under Nixon.
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31 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

In this set of flashcards, you will learn about two of the lesser known participants in the Vietnam War: Laos and Cambodia. These nations, as you will see, contributed greatly to the outcome of the war effort, and were themselves profoundly affected by its aftermath. This flashcard set covers President Nixon's motives for initiating conflict, Operation Menu, Operation Lam Son 719, military weaponry, the Khmer Rouge, the Pathet Lao, the Viet Cong, the Case-Church Amendment, Pol Pot, foreign and domestic policies, and much more.

Front
Back
Laos' involvement in the Vietnam War
Laos supported North Vietnam during the Vietnam War by providing its troops with safe havens. As a result, Laos sustained bombings and invasions from South Vietnam and the U.S. under Nixon.
Cambodia's involvement in the Vietnam War
Cambodia supported North Vietnam in the Vietnam War, by allowing its troops to establish bases within its boundaries. As a result, Cambodia was the target of sustained U.S. bombings under Nixon.
Nixon's motive for attacking Laos and Cambodia
Nixon launched airstrikes on Laos and Cambodia, allies of North Vietnam, in an attempt to demonstrate his willingness to do anything necessary to stop the War.
Operation Menu
A secret bombing campaign against Laos and Cambodia, launched by President Nixon in 1969.
Viet Cong
Guerilla forces which fought on behalf of communist North Vietnam. Their locations in Laos and Cambodia were targeted by U.S. bombings.
Operation Lam Son 719
An operation under U.S. President Nixon, which ordered South Vietnamese troops into Laos to destroy its communist bases.
Cambodia's initial reaction to the Vietnam War
Until April 1970, Cambodia remained neutral in the Vietnam War. This changed following a U.S. ground troop offensive against it.
Secrecy in the bombings of Laos and Cambodia
The U.S. bombings of Laos and Cambodia were kept secret from the American public, primarily to avoid domestic anti-war protests.
Prince Sihanouk
Cambodia's leader during the Vietnam War, who attempted to distance his country from the conflict. He eventually allowed communist forces to create bases in Cambodia.
Campaigns of Operation Menu
The campaigns of Operation Menu, the U.S. bombing of Laos and Cambodia, included Operation Breakfast, Operation Lunch, Operation Snack, Operation Dinner, Operation Supper, and Operation Dessert.
Outcome of Operation Lam Son 719
Operation Lam Son 719 was quickly thwarted by North Vietnamese forces, who then launched their own operation known as the Easter Offensive.
Henry Kissinger
U.S. President Richard Nixon's National Security Advisor, who played a major role in the Vietnam War.
B-52 bombers in the War
The U.S. Air Force used heavy B-52 bombers to launch carpet bombing operations around Vietnam's borders.
Cambodia and Laos' fall to communism
In 1975, Cambodia and Laos fell to communism following North Vietnam's victory in the War.
Khmer Rouge
The Communist Party of Cambodia, led by Pol Pot.
The Case-Church Amendment
Passed by Congress in 1973, this legislation curtailed remaining U.S. combat operations in Southeast Asia. The resulting power vacuum contributed to the rise of Pol Pot in Cambodia.
Pol Pot's domestic policy
Upon seizing power in 1975, Pol Pot renamed Cambodia to Democratic Kampuchea, destroyed its currency, took control of businesses, eliminated academia, and commenced a genocide against its people.
Rise of the Pathet Lao
The 1973 Paris Peace Accords facilitated the Pathet Lao's incorporation into a coalition government. From this position, the Pathet Lao launched a coup, taking control of Laos in 1975.
The Hmong tribe
A Laotian tribe which opposed and resisted the Pathet Lao. After 1975, 100,000 of its members were murdered by the communist Laotian government in a bloody genocide.
Post-1975 foreign policy of Laos
After gaining power in 1975, the Pathet Lao signed an alliance pact with communist Vietnam. Otherwise, it remained largely uninvolved in international affairs.
Khmer Rouge's vision for Cambodia
After 1975, Cambodia's staunchly communist Khmer Rouge government idealized a classless agricultural utopia, which involved total control of its citizens.
Domestic policy of Khmer Rouge
After 1975, Cambodia's communist Khmer Rouge government banned currency, culture, religion, and formal education, essentially turning the nation into a prison camp.
Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia
In 1978, the Khmer Rouge began to clash with Vietnamese forces along its borders. Vietnam thus invaded Cambodia, quickly bringing an end to Khmer Rouge rule.
U.N. response to the Cambodian-Vietnamese War
The United States and other U.N. member nations, still resentful towards Vietnam following the Vietnam War, recognized the Khmer Rouge as the official government of Cambodia until the 1990s.
Killing fields
In communist Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge government sent roughly two million dissident citizens to death in what were known as killing fields.
Human rights under Khmer Rouge
Under the communist Khmer Rouge government, human rights in Cambodia were grossly violated, to the extent of persecution and mass murder of Cambodian citizens.
U.S.-Khmer Rouge relations
During the Cambodian-Vietnamese War, the U.S. and Khmer Rouge government of Cambodia developed positive relations. The U.S., for instance, sent aid to Cambodia due to its opposition to Vietnam.
1993 Cambodian elections
In 1993, the Cambodian people received their first opportunity to vote in their own government since Vietnamese occupation.
Viet Cong-Khmer Rouge relations
The Viet Cong supported their communist counterparts in Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge.
Causes of the Cambodian-Vietnamese War
Causes of the Cambodian-Vietnamese War included Vietnamese desire to secure their border against the Khmer Rouge, defend disputed territories, and remove leader Pol Pot from power.
Cambodian-Vietnamese War sanctions
Vietnam, widely viewed as the aggressor in the Cambodian-Vietnamese War, faced international sanctions for its invasion.

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