Romanesque Art During the Middle Ages in Europe Flashcards

Romanesque Art During the Middle Ages in Europe Flashcards
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Arcade

In architecture, this refers to a series of archways all in a row.

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Campanile

A bell tower that stood free of other buildings. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is an example of this type of structure.

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Autun Cathedral: The Temptation of Eve

This relief shows the instant when Eve committed the first sin by taking the apple of the knowledge of good and bad.

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Romanesque Period: Northern Europe

In this area, vaulting became important in the Romanesque period. These countries also drew on metalworking and goldsmithing in particular.

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Romanesque Period: England and Normandy

During the Romanesque period these areas built churches that were very ornate and that had huge bell towers. They also designed buttresses.

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Romanesque Period: France and Spain

These areas embraced the Romanesque style by adding radiating chapels and a large interest in carving stone.

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Romanesque Period: Italy

This country wasn't overly moved by the styles used in the Romanesque period. It was unique because it used separate buildings for the baptistery and the bell tower.

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Tympanum

This space was found over doorframes. It was enclosed inside of an arch. During the Romanesque period, more focus and importance was given to this space.

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17 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

These cards can be used as a study aid when you need to review the ways France, Spain, Italy, and England adopted Romanesque trends. You'll be able to consider the styles of different monastic orders during this time period. Different forms of vaulting, campaniles, and tympanums are covered by this set. Additionally, you can focus on examples of artwork like the Bayeux Tapestry and The Gospel Book of Abbot Wedricus.

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Tympanum

This space was found over doorframes. It was enclosed inside of an arch. During the Romanesque period, more focus and importance was given to this space.

Romanesque Period: Italy

This country wasn't overly moved by the styles used in the Romanesque period. It was unique because it used separate buildings for the baptistery and the bell tower.

Romanesque Period: France and Spain

These areas embraced the Romanesque style by adding radiating chapels and a large interest in carving stone.

Romanesque Period: England and Normandy

During the Romanesque period these areas built churches that were very ornate and that had huge bell towers. They also designed buttresses.

Romanesque Period: Northern Europe

In this area, vaulting became important in the Romanesque period. These countries also drew on metalworking and goldsmithing in particular.

Autun Cathedral: The Temptation of Eve

This relief shows the instant when Eve committed the first sin by taking the apple of the knowledge of good and bad.

Campanile

A bell tower that stood free of other buildings. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is an example of this type of structure.

Arcade

In architecture, this refers to a series of archways all in a row.

Ribbed Vault

A type of vaulting that involves making a lot of small arch frames and then filling in any gaps. It allowed for the building of churches that were even larger than before.

Barrel Vault

This kind of vaulting is very simple. It was used as far back as ancient Rome and Egypt. Builders in the early Romanesque period also used it.

Groin Vault

The type of vault constructed when two barrel vaults come together. Romans and Carolingians used this kind of vaulting sometimes.

Romanesque Art: The Gospel Book of Abbot Wedricus

An illuminated manuscript created in the Romanesque period. It featured characters interacting with scenes in the border.

Romanesque Art: Bayeux Tapestry

This piece of secular art shows the invasion of England as carried out by William the Conqueror.

Monastic Orders: Benedictines

This group of monks was known for building massive churches that were very ornate. They created stiff looking sculptures.

Monastic Orders: Cistercian

Monks from this order generally built austere churches that were simple to show their piety and humility.

Monastic Orders: Cluniacs

An order of monks that tended to focus more on sculpture. Their churches contained many examples of this form of art.

Stavelot Triptych

This piece of art shows three things: Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity, the history of Saint Helena, and images of the Annunciation and the crucifixion of Christ.

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