SAT Biology: Reproduction & Development Flashcards

SAT Biology: Reproduction & Development Flashcards
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Cell division that creates haploid cells
Meiosis
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The creation of sperm cells
Spermatogenesis
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The formation of organs in an embryo
Organogenesis
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Female sex cell
Ova
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Male sex cell
Sperm
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The layer of cells found innermost section of an embryo
Endoderm
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The layer of cells found in the middle of a embryo
Mesoderm
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The layer of cells found on the outermost layer of an embryo
Ectoderm
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An organism having both male and female sex cells
Hermaphrodite
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A diploid cell formed by the fusion of a sperm and ova
Zygote
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Organization of an organism from left to right
Left to Right Axis
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Organization of an organism from back to belly
Dorsoventral Axis
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Organization of an organism from head to tail
Anteroposterior Axis
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The formation of sex cells
Gametogenesis
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Production of a new living organism from two parents of the opposite sex
Sexual Reproduction
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Reproduction through the process of mitosis from a single organism
Asexual Reproduction
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32 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Have you ever wondered how living things are created and formed? Organisms do not just appear out of thin air. This card set will help you understand the two different types of reproduction. It will also provide you with knowledge on the terms and structures that are related to the development of animals. All animals are formed from a male and female sex cell called a gamete. Through cell division and other developmental processes, a new life is created.

Additional Study

To learn more about the Animal Reproduction and Development, please refer to the following lessons:

Studying with Flashcards

Do you have an upcoming test or quiz on animal reproduction and development? You can use this flashcard set to quiz yourself. First start by reading the description on the front of the card. Then decide what the card is describing in relation to animal reproduction and development. After you have decided, turn to the back of the card to check your answer. These flashcards can even be used on tablets and smartphones too! Happy studying!

Front
Back
Reproduction through the process of mitosis from a single organism
Asexual Reproduction
Production of a new living organism from two parents of the opposite sex
Sexual Reproduction
The formation of sex cells
Gametogenesis
Organization of an organism from head to tail
Anteroposterior Axis
Organization of an organism from back to belly
Dorsoventral Axis
Organization of an organism from left to right
Left to Right Axis
A diploid cell formed by the fusion of a sperm and ova
Zygote
An organism having both male and female sex cells
Hermaphrodite
The layer of cells found on the outermost layer of an embryo
Ectoderm
The layer of cells found in the middle of a embryo
Mesoderm
The layer of cells found innermost section of an embryo
Endoderm
Male sex cell
Sperm
Female sex cell
Ova
The formation of organs in an embryo
Organogenesis
The creation of sperm cells
Spermatogenesis
Cell division that creates haploid cells
Meiosis
Cells with single unpaired chromosomes
Haploid Cells
Sperm is created in the _____ of the testes
Seminiferous Tubules
The formation of female sex cells
Oogenesis
Fertilization of an oovum usually occurs in the _____ near the ovary
Fallopian Tube
The release of an oocyte from the ovary
Ovulation
Maternal tissue that provides nutrients to a growing embryo
Placenta
Fluid that is essential to the development of the lungs and limbs of an animals
Amniotic Fluid
Serves as a shock absorber to an embryo
Amnion
When cells become mature and take on specific jobs and functions
Differentiation
The process of a zygote becoming multicellular without increasing in size is called _____
Cleavage
_____ occurs when a blastocyst binds to the uterine wall and burrows deep in the lining
Implantation
Gastrulation
The formation of an embryo's three germ layers
The discovery that cells have the ability to control the differentiation of the different structures of the body is supported by _____ .
Spemann's Organizer
Signaling Molecules
Molecules that are used to send signals back and forth between different cells.
A diagram depicting developmental fates of different cells starting from the early embryonic stages
Fate Map
A graph showing the number of individuals at different ages of a particular species
Survivorship Curve

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