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SAT US History: Post WWII Flashcards

SAT US History: Post WWII Flashcards
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An American post-World War II policy that attempted to contain the spread of communism, but not necessarily combat it where it existed already.
Containment
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The period when multiple Eastern Bloc governments fell to popular revolutions.
The Revolutions of 1989
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A barrier constructed by communist East Germany to prevent its citizens from escaping to democratic West Berlin.
The Berlin Wall
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A government that seems independent on the surface but is in truth heavily influenced or controlled by another government.
Puppet Government
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Three names for the group of Iron Curtain countries.
Eastern Bloc, Communist Bloc, Warsaw Pact
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The coalition of communist Eastern European countries established post-World War II were said to live behind the _____.
Iron Curtain
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A document that reduced the emperor of Japan to a mere figurehead and introduced a system of parliamentary democracy.
The Constitution of Japan
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The American general appointed by President Truman to oversee the occupation and reconstruction of Japan following World War II.
General Douglas MacArthur
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The name for the border region between North and South Korea, officially occupied by neither country.
The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
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Also known as North Korea, this country had a Soviet-backed communist government post-World War II.
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea
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Also known as South Korea, this country had a US-backed government post-World War II.
The Republic of Korea
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The latitudinal line along which the partition of Korea was drawn by the Soviets and the Americans following World War II.
The 38th Parallel
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The 1943 meeting between U. S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek to discuss the future of post-war Japan.
The Cairo Conference
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The code name for the Berlin Airlift.
Operation Vittles
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The name of the action by the United States to deliver goods to the people of West Berlin by plane post-World War II.
The Berlin Airlift
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The Western Allies in the post-World War II years
Great Britain, France, and the United States
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An attempt by the Soviets to isolate West Berlin, which was controlled by the Western Allies, and gain control of the city.
The Berlin Blockade
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_____ was a government agency created by the US to enact the Marshall Plan following World War II.
Economic Cooperation Administration
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An agreement that provided reconstruction aid to 16 European countries post-World War II.
The Marshall Plan
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39 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set provides an overview of the post-war period, both politically and culturally. It features terms for major figures and events in post-World War II Europe, Asia, and Latin America, as well as the United States.

Front
Back
An agreement that provided reconstruction aid to 16 European countries post-World War II.
The Marshall Plan
_____ was a government agency created by the US to enact the Marshall Plan following World War II.
Economic Cooperation Administration
An attempt by the Soviets to isolate West Berlin, which was controlled by the Western Allies, and gain control of the city.
The Berlin Blockade
The Western Allies in the post-World War II years
Great Britain, France, and the United States
The name of the action by the United States to deliver goods to the people of West Berlin by plane post-World War II.
The Berlin Airlift
The code name for the Berlin Airlift.
Operation Vittles
The 1943 meeting between U. S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek to discuss the future of post-war Japan.
The Cairo Conference
The latitudinal line along which the partition of Korea was drawn by the Soviets and the Americans following World War II.
The 38th Parallel
Also known as South Korea, this country had a US-backed government post-World War II.
The Republic of Korea
Also known as North Korea, this country had a Soviet-backed communist government post-World War II.
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea
The name for the border region between North and South Korea, officially occupied by neither country.
The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
The American general appointed by President Truman to oversee the occupation and reconstruction of Japan following World War II.
General Douglas MacArthur
A document that reduced the emperor of Japan to a mere figurehead and introduced a system of parliamentary democracy.
The Constitution of Japan
The coalition of communist Eastern European countries established post-World War II were said to live behind the _____.
Iron Curtain
Three names for the group of Iron Curtain countries.
Eastern Bloc, Communist Bloc, Warsaw Pact
A government that seems independent on the surface but is in truth heavily influenced or controlled by another government.
Puppet Government
A barrier constructed by communist East Germany to prevent its citizens from escaping to democratic West Berlin.
The Berlin Wall
The period when multiple Eastern Bloc governments fell to popular revolutions.
The Revolutions of 1989
An American post-World War II policy that attempted to contain the spread of communism, but not necessarily combat it where it existed already.
Containment
The official implementation of United States containment policy following World War II.
The Truman Doctrine
The belief that if one country in a region became communist, its neighbors would soon follow.
Domino Theory
A group of Western democracies that pledged to defend one another against the threat of communism.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
A name for the heightened fear of communism in the United States during the Cold War.
The Red Scare, or McCarthyism
The American Senator who led a campaign, including the Hollywood blacklist, to find American communists during the Red Scare.
Joseph McCarthy
The federal act that established the US interstate highway system, intended to double as a quick transportation network for military vehicles in case of Soviet attack.
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956
The US federal law that outlawed segregation and race-based discrimination.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
A period in the United States following World War II when an unusually high amount of babies were born.
The Baby Boom
Regions on the edges of major cities where many Americans preferred to live in the post-war era.
Suburbs
A new, popular form of music that arose in the 1950s, characterized early on by the hip-gyrating Elvis Presley.
Rock and Roll
A lengthy war of ideologies between Western democratic countries, such as the US, and communist countries, such as the USSR.
The Cold War
A Brazilian president with communist ties that is believed to have been overthrown with the help of US-backed rebels in the post-World War II years.
João Goulart
A communist Guatemalan president ousted by US-backed rebels in the post-World War II years.
Jacobo Árbenz
In the post-World War II years, a violent dictator in Nicaragua who was backed by the US over the communist opposition, known as the Sandinistas.
Anastasio Somoza
The president of Cuba who came to power during the communist Cuban Revolution.
Fidel Castro
A failed US invasion of Cuba in the early 1960s.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion
A military standoff between the US and Cuba triggered by Soviet missiles found in Cuba.
Cuban Missile Crisis
A group of post-war authors and intellectuals, also known as beatniks, who challenged the rigid norms of mid-century American culture.
The Beat Generation
A Beat writer, known for his stream-of-consciousness narration and the novel On the Road.
Jack Kerouac
_____ was very taboo due to the rigid gender roles of post-World War II American society.
Homosexuality

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