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Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment Flashcards

Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment Flashcards
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Civilization from which Middle Age medical theory was adapted.
Rome
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Method by which medical theories were developed during the Scientific Revolution.
Empiricism, Experimentation, and Observation
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Mainstream religion questioned during the Scientific Revolution.
Christianity.
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Another name for enlightened thinkers; includes Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Descarte among others.
Philosophers
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Shared characteristic between the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment.
Questioning of traditional ideas, values, and practices.
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Type of government that would be prevented by a system of checks and balances of power.
Tyranny
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Enlightenment thinker who developed the concept of separation of powers.
Baron de Montesquieu
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Institution for which European attitudes changed towards during the Enlightenment.
Government
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Thinker who postulated a leader's power, which could be absolute, came from an unwritten but existing agreement with their subjects.
Thomas Hobbes
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Conflicted leaders who wanted absolute, central power but also desired individual rights and emphasized rational thought.
Enlightened despots
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Idealists who developed though based on inquiry, observation, and obvious reason.
Enlightened Thinkers
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The theory which states that a specific agreement exists between the people and their leader to guide that leader's rule as balanced and fair.
social contract
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Main thinkers behind the social contract theory.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
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Thinker whose laws of motion were rooted in observation, and paved the way for contemporary thinking about gravity.
Isaac Newton
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Thinker who theorized that knowledge is best gained through observation and proposed the original framework of what would become the scientific method.
Francis Bacon
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31 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Have you ever heard something along the lines of, 'I've got rights!' uttered by another person? While we may take the fact that we have certain rights for granted, they haven't always existed. There was a time where some of the rights and privileges we have today conflicted with accepted beliefs. There was also a time when many scientific theories and beliefs we now accept as common knowledge, like the fact that the Earth is NOT the center of the solar system, were laughed at.

This card set will give you a chance to review two important periods in European history in the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Learn how advances in medical science, the use of observation and reason in science, and acceptance of science by leaders changed the way mankind thinks. Also, discover how political thought and the rights of citizens developed during the Enlightenment, and how they impacted world events.

Front
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Thinker who theorized that knowledge is best gained through observation and proposed the original framework of what would become the scientific method.
Francis Bacon
Thinker whose laws of motion were rooted in observation, and paved the way for contemporary thinking about gravity.
Isaac Newton
Main thinkers behind the social contract theory.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
The theory which states that a specific agreement exists between the people and their leader to guide that leader's rule as balanced and fair.
social contract
Idealists who developed though based on inquiry, observation, and obvious reason.
Enlightened Thinkers
Conflicted leaders who wanted absolute, central power but also desired individual rights and emphasized rational thought.
Enlightened despots
Thinker who postulated a leader's power, which could be absolute, came from an unwritten but existing agreement with their subjects.
Thomas Hobbes
Institution for which European attitudes changed towards during the Enlightenment.
Government
Enlightenment thinker who developed the concept of separation of powers.
Baron de Montesquieu
Type of government that would be prevented by a system of checks and balances of power.
Tyranny
Shared characteristic between the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment.
Questioning of traditional ideas, values, and practices.
Another name for enlightened thinkers; includes Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Descarte among others.
Philosophers
Mainstream religion questioned during the Scientific Revolution.
Christianity.
Method by which medical theories were developed during the Scientific Revolution.
Empiricism, Experimentation, and Observation
Civilization from which Middle Age medical theory was adapted.
Rome
New Scientific Revolution concept for basis of argument that often tested the religious laws and the church.
evidence
Scientific Revolution thinker who argued that the Earth revolved around the sun.
Galileo
Galileo's theory that Earth revolved around the sun.
Heliocentric Theory
Country where Enlightened despots had the most success in Enlightenment ideal implementation.
Prussia
Russian leaders who were devoted to modernizing and westernizing Russia.
Peter and Catherine the Great
Contemporary and often conflicting interest-based groups which started in 18th century British politics.
political parties
18th century English reformer of Parliament who sought power restriction, representative legislative seats, and nationalization of corporations.
William Pitt
Reforms of William Pitt.
Pushed for restrictions on the power of the monarch, redistricting of parliamentary seats to keep up with population growth, and government takeover of the East India Company.
Double Impact: Outcomes of the French and Indian War and Causes of the American Revolution.
A resentment of Britain's demand on the American colonists they pay for the war while lacking Parliament representation, A restriction and ban on immigration west of the Appalachian Mountains, and a lack of need for British protection of the American colonies due to the defeat of the French.
American founding document that lists the complaints of the American colonists.
Declaration of Independence
British law requiring American colonists to house and take care of British soldiers in their homes.
Quartering Act
British political outcome of the American Revolution.
Reduction of the monarch's power.
Other revolution inspired by the events of the American Revolution.
French Revolution
Group who did not benefit from the American Revolution.
Native Americans
Period in Western European history, lasting for approximately 150 years, which saw plentiful advancements in scientific advancements, discoveries, and theories which changed accepted ways of thinking.
The Scientific Revolution
Lasting from the 17th to the 19th centuries, a European period which saw the rise of independent thinking and the use of logic rather than religion and older philosophies for answers.
The Enlightenment

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