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Sentence Structure Flashcards

Sentence Structure Flashcards
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Identify the error: 'Waiting for my cab, my phone fell in a puddle.'
Dangling modifier; can be fixed by saying 'While I was waiting for my cab...'
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Misplaced modifier
A modifier (adjective or adverb) incorrectly situated in a sentence so that it is describing the wrong word.
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Modifier
A word, phrase, or clause that describes (or modifies) the word it is next to.
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Identify the error in this sentence: 'The roads were blocked, the cars was stuck.'
Subject and verb do not agree, should be 'the cars were stuck.'
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Identify the subject of this sentence: 'Don't do that!'
The subject is an implied 'you.'
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3 types of subjects in a sentence
Simple, complete, and compound.
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Subject of a sentence
The noun (person, place, or thing) in a sentence that is acting or being described.
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When to use 'whom'
When a preposition (such as on, after, or for) precedes the word, or when it is the object of the verb in the sentence.
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Relative pronoun
Connects a word, phrase, or clause to a noun. Common relative pronouns are who, which, whomever, and that.
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Subjective and objective pronouns
Subjective pronouns replace the subject of a sentence, objective pronouns replace the direct or indirect objects in a sentence.
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Pronouns
Words used in place of a noun or proper noun, such as he, her, they, and it.
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Parallel structure
A sentence with two similar ideas or items that use the same grammatical structure (form, voice, or tense)
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Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set focuses on the key information and common errors in structuring a sentence. The set covers the parts of a sentence, such as independent and dependent clauses, modifiers, and conjunctions. The set also highlights types of pronouns and when to use them, including when to use 'whom' instead of 'who.' Several cards in this set include practice questions that require you to identify the error in a sentence to better prepare you for the final exam.

Front
Back
Parallel structure
A sentence with two similar ideas or items that use the same grammatical structure (form, voice, or tense)
Pronouns
Words used in place of a noun or proper noun, such as he, her, they, and it.
Subjective and objective pronouns
Subjective pronouns replace the subject of a sentence, objective pronouns replace the direct or indirect objects in a sentence.
Relative pronoun
Connects a word, phrase, or clause to a noun. Common relative pronouns are who, which, whomever, and that.
When to use 'whom'
When a preposition (such as on, after, or for) precedes the word, or when it is the object of the verb in the sentence.
Subject of a sentence
The noun (person, place, or thing) in a sentence that is acting or being described.
3 types of subjects in a sentence
Simple, complete, and compound.
Identify the subject of this sentence: 'Don't do that!'
The subject is an implied 'you.'
Identify the error in this sentence: 'The roads were blocked, the cars was stuck.'
Subject and verb do not agree, should be 'the cars were stuck.'
Modifier
A word, phrase, or clause that describes (or modifies) the word it is next to.
Misplaced modifier
A modifier (adjective or adverb) incorrectly situated in a sentence so that it is describing the wrong word.
Identify the error: 'Waiting for my cab, my phone fell in a puddle.'
Dangling modifier; can be fixed by saying 'While I was waiting for my cab...'
Identify and correct the error: 'Team players should practice with a basketball every day.'~
Faulty collective ownership, can be corrected by saying 'with basketballs.'
Identify the subject of this sentence: 'The group of girls giggled as they walked by him.'
The subject is 'group.'
Independent clause
A group of words that contains a complete thought, including a subject and verb.
Coordinating conjunction
A word joining two independent clauses - for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so are common coordinating conjunctions.
3 types of dependent clauses
Adjective, noun, or adverb clauses
Dependent clause
Group of words that contain a subject and verb but do not express a complete thought and do not stand alone as a complete sentence. (Subordinate clause)
Subordinate clause
A group of words that serves the independent clause in a sentence but is incomplete on its own. (Dependent clause)
Identify the error: 'He studied after he finished having played video games.'
Sentence is not parallel, verb tenses do not agree. Should be either 'had studied' or 'finished playing' to correct.
Correct the error: 'She likes to swim more than horseback riding.'
Either 'she likes swimming more than horseback riding' or 'she likes to swim more than she likes to ride horses.'
Identify the error: 'Few votes for higher taxes.'
Subject (indefinite pronouns) and verb do not agree; verb should be singular: 'Few vote for higher taxes.'
Subject-verb agreement
The subjects and verbs in a given sentence match each other - either singular or plural forms used consistently.
Dangling modifier
A modifier (adjective or adverb) that is describing a word that is either not present or not clearly defined in the sentence.

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