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Simple Sentences List & Flashcards

Simple Sentences List & Flashcards
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Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'The football team felt confident at the start of the game, but they did not win.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which makes it a compound sentence.
Got it

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My brand new car broke down on the side of the road.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (car) and a simple predicate (broke down). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.
Got it

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My father, my mother and I will take the 9 o'clock train into the city.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a compound subject (father, mother, I) and a simple predicate (will take). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.
Got it
Phrase
A series of words that is not a clause because it does not have both a subject and a verb
Got it
Modifiers
Words or phrases that describe the subject or predicate
Got it
Simple Predicate
An instance in a sentence where the subject performs the actions of one verb (or predicate).
Got it
Compound Predicate
An instance in a sentence where one subject performs the actions of more than one verb (or predicate).
Got it
Simple Subject
An instance in a sentence where only one noun performs the actions of the predicate.
Got it
Compound Subject
An instance in a sentence where more than one noun performs the actions of the same predicate.
Got it
Predicate
The main verb or verb phrase in a sentence, which describes the action of the sentence's subject.
Got it
Compound Sentence
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses and no dependent clauses.
Got it
Complex Sentence
A sentence that contains one independent clause and one dependent clause.
Got it
Dependent Clause
A series of words that contains a subject and a verb, but does not convey a complete thought, and cannot stand alone as a sentence.
Got it
Independent Clause
A series of words that contains a subject and a verb, and that can stand alone as a sentence.
Got it
Simple Sentence
A sentence that is made up solely of one independent clause. The independent clause may contain either a simple or compound subject, and either a simple or compound predicate.
Got it
Sentence
A group of words which conveys a complete idea or thought
Got it
33 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

There are an infinite number of sentences possible in the English language. However, sentences can be grouped into a small number of categories based on how they are structured. Some of these categories include simple sentences, compound sentences, and complex sentences. This flashcard set will help you practice identifying simple sentences.

Simple sentences:

  • Consist of one independent clause
  • May contain one or more subjects performing the action of one verb (also called a predicate)
  • May contain one subject performing the action of one or more verbs

Simple sentences do NOT have:

  • More than one independent clause (-this would be a compound sentence)
  • Any dependent clauses (-this would be a complex sentence)

Additional Study

Being able to identify simple sentences effectively starts with your ability to identify subjects and predicates. Being able to identify dependent clauses is also helpful. If you find yourself struggling to identify simple sentences, you may want to review these lessons:

Front
Back
Sentence
A group of words which conveys a complete idea or thought
Simple Sentence
A sentence that is made up solely of one independent clause. The independent clause may contain either a simple or compound subject, and either a simple or compound predicate.
Independent Clause
A series of words that contains a subject and a verb, and that can stand alone as a sentence.
Dependent Clause
A series of words that contains a subject and a verb, but does not convey a complete thought, and cannot stand alone as a sentence.
Complex Sentence
A sentence that contains one independent clause and one dependent clause.
Compound Sentence
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses and no dependent clauses.
Predicate
The main verb or verb phrase in a sentence, which describes the action of the sentence's subject.
Compound Subject
An instance in a sentence where more than one noun performs the actions of the same predicate.
Simple Subject
An instance in a sentence where only one noun performs the actions of the predicate.
Compound Predicate
An instance in a sentence where one subject performs the actions of more than one verb (or predicate).
Simple Predicate
An instance in a sentence where the subject performs the actions of one verb (or predicate).
Modifiers
Words or phrases that describe the subject or predicate
Phrase
A series of words that is not a clause because it does not have both a subject and a verb

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My father, my mother and I will take the 9 o'clock train into the city.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a compound subject (father, mother, I) and a simple predicate (will take). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My brand new car broke down on the side of the road.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (car) and a simple predicate (broke down). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'The football team felt confident at the start of the game, but they did not win.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which makes it a compound sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'Since Alice ate all of the leftovers, they ordered a pizza.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains a dependent clause ('Since Alice ate all the leftovers'), which makes it a complex sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'The President lives in the White House in Washington, D.C.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (President) and a simple predicate (lives). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'He went to bed after he finished his homework.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains a dependent clause ('after he finished his homework'''), which makes it a complex sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'I ordered a large coffee, two blueberry scones, a cinnamon roll and a glazed donut.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (I) and a simple predicate (ordered). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'During recess the children played and chased each other around the playground.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (children) and a compound predicate (played, chased). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'When the mailman walked by the house, the dog barked loudly.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains a dependent clause ('When the mailman walked by the house'), which makes it a complex sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'His phone rang, but he didn't hear it.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which makes it a compound sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'After dinner she prepared a delicious dessert.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (she) and a simple predicate (prepared). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'Unless someone tells me otherwise, I will plan to arrive at 8 o'clock.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains a dependent clause ('Unless someone tells me otherwise'), which makes it a complex sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'I forgot that the assignment is due today!'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains a dependent clause ('that the assignment is due today'), which makes it a complex sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My friends went to the mall, but they didn't buy anything.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which makes it a compound sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'He walked his dog around the block after dinner.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (he) and a simple predicate (walked). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My parents, my siblings and I held a family meeting.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a compound subject (parents, siblings, I) and a simple predicate (held). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'Traffic was horrible, and we were very late to the party.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which makes it a compound sentence.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'The superhero fought crime and saved the day.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (superhero) and a compound predicate (fought, saved). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'My elderly neighbors grow tomatoes in their garden every summer.'

This is a simple sentence. It contains a simple subject (neighbors) and a simple predicate (grow). It is an independent clause with no additional dependent clauses.

Determine whether or not this is a simple sentence:

'We will make cookies, or we will buy them from the store.'

This is not a simple sentence. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which makes it a compound sentence.

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