Social Cognition & Perception Flashcards

Social Cognition & Perception Flashcards
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Schemata
The plural of schema, these are mental frameworks used by people to organize and understand the world
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The likelihood of internal attribution
Behavior is most likely linked to internal attribution when consensus and distinctiveness are low while consistency remains high
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The likelihood of external attribution
Behavior is likely linked to external attribution when the three variables of the Covariation Method are all high
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Internal attribution
Behavior that is linked to personal or internal factors
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External attribution
Behavior that is linked to external factors
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Consistency
The variable of the Covariation Method that asks the question of how often a behavior occurs over time in the exact same situation
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Distinctiveness
The variable in the Covariation Model that asks how unique the behavior is in a given situation
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Consensus
This variable of the Covariation Method asks if people behave in the same manner in a given situation
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The Covariation Model of Attribution
This model explains several things: using social attribution to attribute factors, the information gathered through perception, and forming judgments about behavior
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Rebound effect
The act of thinking more about a subject following thought suppression of that given subject
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Base-rate heuristic
A type of mental shortcut that helps a person to make a decision based on the probability of events
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Priming
An increased sensitivity to a particular schema due to a recent exposure to an event
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Script
A specific schema used for a certain order of events in a given context
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27 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards goes over the characteristics of the Covariation Model of Attribution, which include consensus, consistency, and external attribution. You can also find terms like schemata, the Pygmalion effect, and base-rate heuristic.

Front
Back
Script
A specific schema used for a certain order of events in a given context
Priming
An increased sensitivity to a particular schema due to a recent exposure to an event
Base-rate heuristic
A type of mental shortcut that helps a person to make a decision based on the probability of events
Rebound effect
The act of thinking more about a subject following thought suppression of that given subject
The Covariation Model of Attribution
This model explains several things: using social attribution to attribute factors, the information gathered through perception, and forming judgments about behavior
Consensus
This variable of the Covariation Method asks if people behave in the same manner in a given situation
Distinctiveness
The variable in the Covariation Model that asks how unique the behavior is in a given situation
Consistency
The variable of the Covariation Method that asks the question of how often a behavior occurs over time in the exact same situation
External attribution
Behavior that is linked to external factors
Internal attribution
Behavior that is linked to personal or internal factors
The likelihood of external attribution
Behavior is likely linked to external attribution when the three variables of the Covariation Method are all high
The likelihood of internal attribution
Behavior is most likely linked to internal attribution when consensus and distinctiveness are low while consistency remains high
Schemata
The plural of schema, these are mental frameworks used by people to organize and understand the world
Subschemata
Lower levels within a given schemata
Well-formed, specific schema
A concept for which a person has a detailed, well-thought-out collection of information
Poorly formed, vague schema
A concept about which a person knows little information, and for which they do not have a clear or concise concept
Schema at a new fast food restaurant
Schemata will let you know what to expect from your previous experiences in dining
Schema at a wedding
Schemata would tell you to expect how to dress and act, as well as to bring a gift with you
The importance and advantages of schemata
Schemata can help us organize and predict the world, along with knowing and understanding the people around us
A disadvantage of schemata
Schemata can potentially cause us to make wrong assumptions about the world
Self-fulfilling prophecy
This occurs when someone unknowingly causes something, simply because of their prediction of it coming true
The Pygmalion effect
This term refers to a study done in the 1960s that demonstrated the power of a positive self-fulfilling prophecy
Individualistic cultures
Cultures that value individual traits and characterize individuals by their unique atributes
Collectivistic cultures
Cultures that celebrate conformity and define people by their group memberships
Heuristics
A technique used by the brain to decide and judge without wasting a lot of time
Availability heuristic
A kind of heuristic used to decide on something because of how easy it is to recall
Representative heuristic
This is the method of decision-making that utilizes mental prototypes for the use of comparisons

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