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States of Consciousness Flashcards

States of Consciousness Flashcards
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Stage 3 and 4 sleep
Each of these lasts about 30 minutes; deep sleep with very slow delta waves in your brain - more in stage 4 than 3
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Stage 2 sleep
Lasts about 20 minutes; falling into deeper sleep; slower heart rate and breathing, lowering of body temp; includes small bursts of brain activity known as sleep spindles
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Stage 1 sleep
First 5 minutes; brainwaves move from beta waves to alpha waves, then theta waves as you move from being awake to being drowsy to falling askeep
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Psychotherapeutic theory
Theory that suggests dreams are a person's way to deal with and process emotions in a safe environment
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Activation-synthesis theory
Theory that dreams are a result of brain activation during REM sleep; says dreams are our way of regulating internal activity
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Psychoanalytic theory
Freud's theory that our repressed sexual desires are realized in our dreams; describes the what happens in dreams as manifest content, while repressed desires are latent content
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Unconscious automatic behaviors
Things a person does without thinking or trying, like worrying
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Conscious deliberate behaviors
Actions you take that you are aware of and control - like making a phone call
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Self-awareness
The concept that a person is able to recognize themselves as separate or different from others
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19 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards covers basic theories of consciousness as understood in the study of consciousness. Important vocabulary and concepts related to sleep and dreams are covered, as well as a basic understanding of Freud and his theories. The set also covers the effects of hypnosis, meditation, and psychoactive drugs on a person's consciousness.

Front
Back
Self-awareness
The concept that a person is able to recognize themselves as separate or different from others
Conscious deliberate behaviors
Actions you take that you are aware of and control - like making a phone call
Unconscious automatic behaviors
Things a person does without thinking or trying, like worrying
Psychoanalytic theory
Freud's theory that our repressed sexual desires are realized in our dreams; describes the what happens in dreams as manifest content, while repressed desires are latent content
Activation-synthesis theory
Theory that dreams are a result of brain activation during REM sleep; says dreams are our way of regulating internal activity
Psychotherapeutic theory
Theory that suggests dreams are a person's way to deal with and process emotions in a safe environment
Stage 1 sleep
First 5 minutes; brainwaves move from beta waves to alpha waves, then theta waves as you move from being awake to being drowsy to falling askeep
Stage 2 sleep
Lasts about 20 minutes; falling into deeper sleep; slower heart rate and breathing, lowering of body temp; includes small bursts of brain activity known as sleep spindles
Stage 3 and 4 sleep
Each of these lasts about 30 minutes; deep sleep with very slow delta waves in your brain - more in stage 4 than 3
REM (rapid eye movement)
Deep sleep where your eyes are closed but move back and forth; features increased heart rate and breathing; this is when you dream; length increases from 10-20 minutes throughout the night
Altered states of consciousness
A non-permanent change to mental state while still conscious; examples include daydreaming, hypnosis, or meditation
Theorist who believed the central conflict of your mind was between your unconscious desires and your conscious actions
Sigmund Freud
Meditation
Focusing your attention to increase both your physical and mental awareness; can lead to an increase in alpha and theta brainwaves; one way to achieve an altered state of consciousness
Hypnosis
Being put into an altered state of consciousness by another person, in which you are more easily influenced by that person
Erickson and hypnosis
Psychiatrist Milton Erickson thought that it was possible for hypnotists to communicate with a person's unconscious mind when they were under the influence of hypnosis
Stimulant

A psychoactive drug that blocks the reabsorption of substances like seratonin or dopamine, leading to an increase in energy; examples include caffeine and cocaine.

Depressant

A psychoactive drug that increases GABA, causing a slow down in reactions in the brain; examples include alcohol or benzodiazepines.

Narcotic

A type of psychoactive drug that stimulates endorphins, which can decrease pain; examples include codeine and heroine.

Hallucinogen
A type of psychoactive drug that affects your brain the same way serotonin or epinephrine would; examples include LSD and ecstasy

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