Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination Flashcards

Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination Flashcards
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Realistic conflict theory
A theory that believes the origins of prejudice to be the lack of available resources
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Benefits of jigsaw classrooms
Jigsaw activities have suggested the potential for an increase in empathy, which could eliminate prejudice in a classroom
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Positive and negative stereotypes
Both kinds of stereotypes have the potential to negatively impact a person, based on the expectations of the stereotype
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Prejudice
Negative attitudes toward a group that come from their linking to a group
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Brown v. Board of Education
The 1954 court case that banned the exclusion of public school students because of any racial differences
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Stereotype threat
The idea that a negative action reflects poorly on a group to which one belongs
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Stereotypes
An established belief about a certain group that can be positive or negative
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Jigsaw classroom
A type of classroom developed by Elliot Aronson where students are intended to be seen as entirely unique from one another
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Correlation
A link between two or more things, but not necessarily a cause and effect relationship
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Contact hypothesis
This theory believes that the union of different group members could contribute to a reduction in prejudice
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Outgroup homogeneity
When you perceive members of a group that is different from you to be the same or similar to one another
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Alfred Kinsey
A sex researcher who conducted thousands of interviews and came to the conclusion that sexual preference should be on a sliding scale, not simple categories
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25 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Once you begin working with these flashcards, you will come across familiar terms like correlation, jigsaw classroom, and stereotype threat. Further examples of concepts include the realistic conflict theory, matriarchy, benevolent sexism, and both positive and negative stereotypes.

Front
Back
Alfred Kinsey
A sex researcher who conducted thousands of interviews and came to the conclusion that sexual preference should be on a sliding scale, not simple categories
Outgroup homogeneity
When you perceive members of a group that is different from you to be the same or similar to one another
Contact hypothesis
This theory believes that the union of different group members could contribute to a reduction in prejudice
Correlation
A link between two or more things, but not necessarily a cause and effect relationship
Jigsaw classroom
A type of classroom developed by Elliot Aronson where students are intended to be seen as entirely unique from one another
Stereotypes
An established belief about a certain group that can be positive or negative
Stereotype threat
The idea that a negative action reflects poorly on a group to which one belongs
Brown v. Board of Education
The 1954 court case that banned the exclusion of public school students because of any racial differences
Prejudice
Negative attitudes toward a group that come from their linking to a group
Positive and negative stereotypes
Both kinds of stereotypes have the potential to negatively impact a person, based on the expectations of the stereotype
Benefits of jigsaw classrooms
Jigsaw activities have suggested the potential for an increase in empathy, which could eliminate prejudice in a classroom
Realistic conflict theory
A theory that believes the origins of prejudice to be the lack of available resources
Discrimination
Occurs when someone denies a right to another because of their background
Individual discrimination
The discrimination of a single person against another single person
Institutional discrimination
This type is when discrimination is committed by an organization or group
Patriarchy
A society that gives a majority of power to the men of the population
Matriarchy
A society in which women are given most of the power and influence
Modern sexism
A version of sexism that believes sexism is not a cause for concern, that helping women deal with sexism is not needed, and their complaints are meaningless
Hostile sexism
A type of sexism that directs outright rage and bitterness toward its target
Old-fashioned sexism
The sexism that believes men are fundamentally superior to women in many ways
Benevolent sexism
A sexist belief that women have an inherent morality that is non-existent in men
Ingroup heterogeneity
Identifying the people in your own group as diverse
Causal effect
A definitive link between events, where one act causes another
Ways to combat stereotype threat
Role models, education, and the change of instructions can all work to avoid a stereotype threat
Ambivalent sexism
A view of sexism where women are divided into moral groups, with some considered wholesome and others deserving of punishment

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