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Structuralism & Psychology as Science Flashcards

Structuralism & Psychology as Science Flashcards
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Imageless Thought

A theory put forth by Oswald Kulpe that says that words, signs or sensations may not connect to our experiences.

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Tridimensional Theory of Feelings: Scales

Pleasure-displeasure

Excitement-calm

Tension-relaxation

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Tridimensional Theory of Feelings

A theory put forth by Wilhelm Wundt that says all feelings are contained on three scales.

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New Psychology

This movement occurred in the 19th century. Those involved in this movement wanted to change psychology from a type of philosophy and make it a science.

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Forgetting Curve

This was discovered by Hermann Ebbinghaus. It shows that we forget new information quickly at first, and then this forgetting slows down, allowing us to retain the remaining information.

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Hermann Ebbinghaus

This psychologist researched memory, sensation and perception. He identified the serial position effect, which asserts that it's easier to remember things that are first or last in a group.

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Act Psychology

A school of thought developed by Franz Brentano. Unlike many points of view in psychology, this focuses on the actions of the mind.

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Franz Brentano

He came up with the theory of 'act psychology,' which included three key components: perception, judgement and intentionality.

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Carl Stumpf

He advanced the idea of phenomenology, which examines how people experience different stimuli in their lives, in psychology.

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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The flashcards included in this set can give you the chance to review important figures in psychology, including:

  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • Claude Levi-Strauss
  • Edward Titchener
  • Hermann Ebbinghaus
  • Franz Brentano
  • Carl Stumpf

You can access cards that focus on act psychology, new psychology and structuralism. Systematic experimental introspection, imageless thought and introspection are also covered by these cards.

Front
Back
Carl Stumpf

He advanced the idea of phenomenology, which examines how people experience different stimuli in their lives, in psychology.

Franz Brentano

He came up with the theory of 'act psychology,' which included three key components: perception, judgement and intentionality.

Act Psychology

A school of thought developed by Franz Brentano. Unlike many points of view in psychology, this focuses on the actions of the mind.

Hermann Ebbinghaus

This psychologist researched memory, sensation and perception. He identified the serial position effect, which asserts that it's easier to remember things that are first or last in a group.

Forgetting Curve

This was discovered by Hermann Ebbinghaus. It shows that we forget new information quickly at first, and then this forgetting slows down, allowing us to retain the remaining information.

New Psychology

This movement occurred in the 19th century. Those involved in this movement wanted to change psychology from a type of philosophy and make it a science.

Tridimensional Theory of Feelings

A theory put forth by Wilhelm Wundt that says all feelings are contained on three scales.

Tridimensional Theory of Feelings: Scales

Pleasure-displeasure

Excitement-calm

Tension-relaxation

Imageless Thought

A theory put forth by Oswald Kulpe that says that words, signs or sensations may not connect to our experiences.

Systematic Experimental Introspection

This technique was devised by Oswald Kulpe to measure thought, memory and judgement in individuals.

Structuralism

The psychological idea that sensations structure our thoughts. It was developed by Edward Bradford Titchener.

Structuralism: Fall from Popularity

This theory was popular only a brief time, because it put too much focus on mental experiences while neglecting abnormal behavior and personality theory. Functionalism replaced it.

Edward Titchener: Theory on Consciousness

This psychologist thought that there were three elements that made up human consciousness: images, affective states and sensations.

Stimulus Error

This occurs when someone is asked to describe something and cannot do it without referring to the thing they are describing.

Claude Levi-Strauss

He helped develop structuralism and came up with the binary opposition idea, which states that we think about things in terms of the way they contrast with one another.

Claude Levi-Strauss: Literature

This psychologist wrote many books. Two of his most well-known are The Raw and the Cooked and The Savage Mind.

Introspection

The act of dwelling on your motives, thoughts or feelings by looking inward.

Wilhelm Wundt

This psychologist began the field of experimental psychology and taught Edward B. Titchener. His ideas helped lead Titchener to develop structuralism.

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