The Reconstruction Era Flashcards

The Reconstruction Era Flashcards
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Booker T. Washington
A man who was born a slave and emancipated by the Civil War. He became a teacher to help other African Americans develop trade skills to work towards equality.
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Sharecropping System
A system set up by rich planters in the post-Civil War South. This system took advantage of both African Americans and poor white people. It tied them to the land and left them further in debt.
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Radical Republicans
This group was focused on exacting retribution on the South after the Civil War, unlike President Lincoln, who tried to pursue reconciliation.
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Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands (Freedman's Bureau)
This was set up by a bill passed right before the Civil War ended. It was designed to help former slaves transition to free life.
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Ten Percent Plan
This term is used for Lincoln's Reconstruction plan. It allowed Southern states to set up a new government once 10% of the people in the state offered allegiance to the Union.
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Wade-Davis Bill
A plan put forth by the Radical Republicans after the Civil War. They wanted Lincoln to make each Southern state swear they'd been loyal to the Union before giving them a governor.
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Secretary of State William Seward
Right after the Civil War, he responded to a French invasion of Mexico by sending troops to defend the border from colonization from European countries.
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Carpetbaggers
Individuals from the North who traveled to the South after the Civil War. They had various motivations but all of them were received negatively by the South.
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President Andrew Johnson
This president followed Lincoln and tried somewhat to carry on the Reconstruction while letting states decide what they wanted to do. He disliked federal overreach and also bought Alaska.
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Enforcement Acts
These acts were passed by Congress to defend black civil liberties.
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Ku Klux Klan
A group that brought terror to the South. Unlike other, similar groups it was organized well. They wanted to ensure that freed slaves had to stay subordinate to other people.
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Flashcard Content Overview

Going over these flashcards can help you focus on the views of President Lincoln and President Johnson regarding the Reconstruction. You can go over the political leanings of the Radical Republicans and the Redeemers in the South. Sharecropping, black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan will also be addressed by this set. You'll also be able to review the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, along with the First and Second Reconstruction Acts.

Front
Back
Ku Klux Klan
A group that brought terror to the South. Unlike other, similar groups it was organized well. They wanted to ensure that freed slaves had to stay subordinate to other people.
Enforcement Acts
These acts were passed by Congress to defend black civil liberties.
President Andrew Johnson
This president followed Lincoln and tried somewhat to carry on the Reconstruction while letting states decide what they wanted to do. He disliked federal overreach and also bought Alaska.
Carpetbaggers
Individuals from the North who traveled to the South after the Civil War. They had various motivations but all of them were received negatively by the South.
Secretary of State William Seward
Right after the Civil War, he responded to a French invasion of Mexico by sending troops to defend the border from colonization from European countries.
Wade-Davis Bill
A plan put forth by the Radical Republicans after the Civil War. They wanted Lincoln to make each Southern state swear they'd been loyal to the Union before giving them a governor.
Ten Percent Plan
This term is used for Lincoln's Reconstruction plan. It allowed Southern states to set up a new government once 10% of the people in the state offered allegiance to the Union.
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands (Freedman's Bureau)
This was set up by a bill passed right before the Civil War ended. It was designed to help former slaves transition to free life.
Radical Republicans
This group was focused on exacting retribution on the South after the Civil War, unlike President Lincoln, who tried to pursue reconciliation.
Sharecropping System
A system set up by rich planters in the post-Civil War South. This system took advantage of both African Americans and poor white people. It tied them to the land and left them further in debt.
Booker T. Washington
A man who was born a slave and emancipated by the Civil War. He became a teacher to help other African Americans develop trade skills to work towards equality.
'Redeemers'
Southern Democrats who did everything they could to ensure African Americans had limited rights after the Civil War by dismantling the parts of the government that restricted racism.
Slaughterhouse Cases of 1873
This series of cases was heard by the Supreme Court. They found that due process and equal protection under the law weren't guaranteed at a state level, only federally.
President Andrew Johnson: Impeachment
This president was impeached because members of Congress thought he sympathized with the South and that someone else would be more willing to change the South.
Benjamin Wade
This Radical Republican was supposed to take over as President if Johnson was successfully removed from office. However, he made moderate Republicans more nervous than Johnson did.
Second Reconstruction Act
This act offered military protection to efforts to ensure all individuals were allowed to get registered and to vote.
Fifteenth Amendment
A constitutional amendment that guaranteed the right to vote for all male U.S. citizens.
Fourteenth Amendment
This amendment to the Constitution gave citizenship to all people who were born or naturalized in the U.S. States had to ratify this before they could rejoin the Union.
Thirteenth Amendment
The amendment responsible for abolishing U.S. slavery.
First Reconstruction Act
An act that split the South up into five districts. It also set up martial law.
Black Codes
These were codes set up by states in the South that were designed to restrict the rights given to former slaves.
View of Race after the Civil War: Republicans
This group believed in racial equality and tried to use many efforts to bring this about.
View of Race after the Civil War: Democrats
Many individuals in this group wanted to bring an end to Reconstruction. They approved tacitly of the idea that races were unequal. Johnson leaned this way politically.

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