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The Self in a Social Context Flashcards

The Self in a Social Context Flashcards
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Insufficient punishment
This occurs when a light punishment causes more of a change in behavior than that of a severe punishment
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Side effects in the Schachter experiment
The subjects who were given adrenaline experienced an increase in pulse, shaky hands, and a rush of blood to their faces
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Stanley Schacter
The name of the psychologist who created the two-factor theory of emotions
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Placebo
Used in Schachter's experiment along with injections of adrenaline
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Feeling aroused when the actual feeling is fear
This is one result of the misattribution of arousal
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Environmental cue
The moment when the surrounding environment evokes a reaction
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Two-factor theory of emotions
Stanley Schacter's theory that says people base their emotions on environmental and physiological influences
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Self-serving bias
This occurs when people give internal and external attributes to success and failures respectively
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The Aronson and Mills Study
A 1950s study involving a psychology of sexuality group discussion which supported the theory of effort justification
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Fundamental attribution error
An event where people attribute a disproportionate number of traits to others' behavior
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Cognitive dissonance
The feeling of discomfort when evidence would normally force a positive feeling from yourself
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Upward comparisons
Making a comparison to someone in a better position than your own
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Misattribution of arousal
The feeling of a certain emotion that is experienced as another emotion
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Extrinsic motivation
Performing an action specifically to avoid any consequences or to earn rewards
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Self-awareness
This term describes your ability to know that you are separate from the people and environment around you, and to come to terms with your differences
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30 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

With the social context of the self, you have learned about terms including fundamental attribution error, the misattribution of arousal, and extrinsic motivation. All of these will appear in the flashcards, along with self-awareness, the Aronson and Mills Study, and Stanley Schachter.

Front
Back
Self-awareness
This term describes your ability to know that you are separate from the people and environment around you, and to come to terms with your differences
Extrinsic motivation
Performing an action specifically to avoid any consequences or to earn rewards
Misattribution of arousal
The feeling of a certain emotion that is experienced as another emotion
Upward comparisons
Making a comparison to someone in a better position than your own
Cognitive dissonance
The feeling of discomfort when evidence would normally force a positive feeling from yourself
Fundamental attribution error
An event where people attribute a disproportionate number of traits to others' behavior
The Aronson and Mills Study
A 1950s study involving a psychology of sexuality group discussion which supported the theory of effort justification
Self-serving bias
This occurs when people give internal and external attributes to success and failures respectively
Two-factor theory of emotions
Stanley Schacter's theory that says people base their emotions on environmental and physiological influences
Environmental cue
The moment when the surrounding environment evokes a reaction
Feeling aroused when the actual feeling is fear
This is one result of the misattribution of arousal
Placebo
Used in Schachter's experiment along with injections of adrenaline
Stanley Schacter
The name of the psychologist who created the two-factor theory of emotions
Side effects in the Schachter experiment
The subjects who were given adrenaline experienced an increase in pulse, shaky hands, and a rush of blood to their faces
Insufficient punishment
This occurs when a light punishment causes more of a change in behavior than that of a severe punishment
Attributions
The reasons given for an outcome or event
The self
A basic idea that you are different and separate from those around you
Introspection
The process of looking inward and analyzing the thoughts running through your head
Intrinsic motivation
The act of doing something for fun, without the need for reward
The overjustification effect
This occurs with a decrease in intrinsic motivation, causing a person to think only of the possible rewards
Post-decision dissonance
The experience of dissonance after making a serious or difficult decision
Social comparison theory
The theory stating that, without any method of self-evaluation, people end up comparing themselves to others
Ingratiation
Trying to get the liking of others compliments and a general excess of likability
Self-handicapping
Artificially making obstacles to excuse poor performance
Situational attributions
These exist to explain that a person's actions are direct results of their situation
Effort justification
The theory that people think a goal is worth it a proportional amount of effort is put into achieving it
Self-awareness theory
An idea that we focus attention on ourselves, possibly through introspection or other methods
Downward comparisons
A comparison to someone with a lower skill level at a certain task or profession
Counterattitudinal advocacy
In this event, people need to state a viewpoint that does not agree with their actual thoughts and beliefs
Self-monitoring
This behavior is a response to social cues that cause people to modify their self-presentation

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