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The U.S. During & Post-World War II Flashcards

The U.S. During & Post-World War II Flashcards
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Japanese territorial control in 1942
As a result of their rampage across the Pacific, this country had now acquired a maritime empire of more than 2.8 million square miles.
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The Night of Broken Glass
Known as Kristallnacht, in November 1938 where more than 9,000 Jewish-owned businesses, homes and synagogues were destroyed or vandalized in retribution for the Jewish murder of a German.
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Adolf Hitler's targets
Communists, journalists, Christians who opposed Hitler, Romani, Jews, blacks, the handicapped, and homosexuals - anyone who would pose a political threat to the Nazis.
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The Blitz
This was an attack from the Germans that dropped 100 tons of explosives over London. The U.S. remained neutral, though they issued the Lend-Lease Act and issued the first peacetime draft.
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Axis powers
This group consisted of the following countries: Germany and Japan.
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WWII Allies

This group consisted of the following countries: France, the United States, and Great Britain, and eventually Italy and Russia.

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The beginning of WWII
This resulted from the following: Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935; Japan invaded China; Germany and Italy entered into a military treaty.
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Nazi regime downfall
This occurred after Germany invaded the Soviet Union, only to bring the Nazi regime to retreat after the Battle of Stalingrad. Ally attacks from Britain and the U.S. further accomplished this.
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Battle of Midway
On June 4, 1942 a turning point of the war in the Pacific halted the Japanese and sent them into retreat. Allied forces sank four Japanese aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and two destroyers.
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Pearl Harbor
This attack on December 7, 1941 invaded a U.S. naval base in Oahu forced President Roosevelt to declare war, finally bringing the United States into WWII.
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The end of WWII
This event was a result of the U.S. dropping two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and causing the Japanese Emperor to surrender on VJ Day.
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The Manhattan Project
This U.S. program under the Roosevelt administration was tasked with developing the first atomic bomb after learning that Germany was attempting the same.
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Precursors of Pearl Harbor
Growing tensions between Japan and the U.S. The U.S. put an oil embargo on Japan after they had demonstrated plans to invade the Pacific, and Japan crippled the U.S. military presence there.
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Flashcard Content Overview

World War II began with devastation and continued to take a toll on the United States and European allies. Then what began as tension between the U.S. and Japan over conflict in the Pacific, later escalated into something far greater, involving several countries, countless battles, and a dramatic turn in the United States' efforts in foreign international policy. These flashcards will take you through this intense time in American history that resulted in division, increasingly lethal warfare tactics, and the awareness of Communism.

Front
Back
Precursors of Pearl Harbor
Growing tensions between Japan and the U.S. The U.S. put an oil embargo on Japan after they had demonstrated plans to invade the Pacific, and Japan crippled the U.S. military presence there.
The Manhattan Project
This U.S. program under the Roosevelt administration was tasked with developing the first atomic bomb after learning that Germany was attempting the same.
The end of WWII
This event was a result of the U.S. dropping two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and causing the Japanese Emperor to surrender on VJ Day.
Pearl Harbor
This attack on December 7, 1941 invaded a U.S. naval base in Oahu forced President Roosevelt to declare war, finally bringing the United States into WWII.
Battle of Midway
On June 4, 1942 a turning point of the war in the Pacific halted the Japanese and sent them into retreat. Allied forces sank four Japanese aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and two destroyers.
Nazi regime downfall
This occurred after Germany invaded the Soviet Union, only to bring the Nazi regime to retreat after the Battle of Stalingrad. Ally attacks from Britain and the U.S. further accomplished this.
The beginning of WWII
This resulted from the following: Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935; Japan invaded China; Germany and Italy entered into a military treaty.
WWII Allies

This group consisted of the following countries: France, the United States, and Great Britain, and eventually Italy and Russia.

Axis powers
This group consisted of the following countries: Germany and Japan.
The Blitz
This was an attack from the Germans that dropped 100 tons of explosives over London. The U.S. remained neutral, though they issued the Lend-Lease Act and issued the first peacetime draft.
Adolf Hitler's targets
Communists, journalists, Christians who opposed Hitler, Romani, Jews, blacks, the handicapped, and homosexuals - anyone who would pose a political threat to the Nazis.
The Night of Broken Glass
Known as Kristallnacht, in November 1938 where more than 9,000 Jewish-owned businesses, homes and synagogues were destroyed or vandalized in retribution for the Jewish murder of a German.
Japanese territorial control in 1942
As a result of their rampage across the Pacific, this country had now acquired a maritime empire of more than 2.8 million square miles.
Executive order 9066
A U.S. order that imprisoned around 120,000 Americans of Japanese descent along the west coast (most of whom were citizens)
Potsdam declaration
This was an ultimatum sent to Japan to surrender or face prompt and utter destruction. The Emperor never responded, and as a result, the bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Yalta conference
The 'big three', Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met here to determine the fate of post-world war. One outcome was the division of Germany into occupation zones.
The Marshall Plan
This provided economic aid to 16 European countries struggling to recover after World War II.
House Un-American Activities Committee
This was developed to investigate alleged communist activity in the United States in light of the Red Scare.
Post-World War II in Asia
During this time, Korea was divided along the 38th parallel and the constitution of Japan was written taking power from the Emperor and transferring it to parliament.
Administration of Harry S. Truman
This administration's foreign policy was centered on containment.
McCarthyism
This was the practice driven by Joseph McCarthy to minimize the threat of suspected communism by accusing and detaining suspects in light of the Red Scare.
The Truman Doctrine
This marked the official implementation of containment policy from the Harry Truman administration. Essentially, this provides support to other countries also resisting communism.
The Berlin Blockade
This occurred in 1948 when Soviet forces isolated Allied-controlled West Berlin in an attempt to control the city, leaving Berlin with no electricity or access to food shipments.
The Berlin Wall
This iconic structure was built by communist East Germany in order to prevent its citizens from fleeing to democratic West Germany.
Containment
This policy was formulated by diplomat George F. Kennan and though it didn't actively combat communism, it strived to limit its spread. This also became the cornerstone Truman's foreign policy.
The Beat Generation
Also known as 'beatniks', this counter-culture group promoted sexual liberation and drug use, and opposed capitalism and religion. Their movement centered in Greenwich village but later spread.

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