Theories of Personality Flashcards

Theories of Personality Flashcards
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Psychologists who came after Freud and added a more social element to his theories are called _____.
Neo-Freudians
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According to Freud's theory of mind, a personality that is unemotional and overly rational is thought to have an overactive _____.
Ego
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According to Freud's theory of mind, a personality that is nervous or anxious has a strong _____.
Superego
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According to Freud's theory of mind, a personality that is selfish, unruly, and impulsive has a strong _____.
Id
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The term used by Freud to describe the balanced aspect of our subconscious mind that appropriately responds to both the rules of society and the desires of the individual.
Ego
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Freud's term for the subconscious part of our mind that makes us feel anxious or guilty when we are driven by our desires.
Superego
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Freud's term for the most primal aspect of the subconscious mind that is driven only by our desires.
Id
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Freud's three-pronged theory of personality development described the unconscious aspects of a person's personality . These three parts are the: _____, _____, and _____.
id, ego, and superego
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Sigmund Freud's theory in which an individual goes through stages, working through tasks or challenges that help determine their personality at a young age.
Psychosexual Stages of Development
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A general behavior that describes an aspect of your personality.
Personality trait
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A person's patterns of thought, behavior, and feeling.
Personality
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Flashcard Content Overview

Sigmund Freud theorized that our personalities are determined by the experiences we have as very young children. According to him, we are who we are going to be as adults by the time we enter elementary school! Those who followed him, the neo-Freudians, theorized that there was more to the story.

In this set you will learn about Freud's three-pronged theory of mind that explores the id, superego, and ego. You will also learn about the psychologists that further developed personality theory to include behaviorist and humanistic theories.

These pioneers in the field of psychology created the field as we know it today and their work offers fascinating insights into who and why we are the way we are. Learning these concepts can inform us about our own personalities and help us better understand the personalities of the people that we know.

Front
Back
A person's patterns of thought, behavior, and feeling.
Personality
A general behavior that describes an aspect of your personality.
Personality trait
Sigmund Freud's theory in which an individual goes through stages, working through tasks or challenges that help determine their personality at a young age.
Psychosexual Stages of Development
Freud's three-pronged theory of personality development described the unconscious aspects of a person's personality . These three parts are the: _____, _____, and _____.
id, ego, and superego
Freud's term for the most primal aspect of the subconscious mind that is driven only by our desires.
Id
Freud's term for the subconscious part of our mind that makes us feel anxious or guilty when we are driven by our desires.
Superego
The term used by Freud to describe the balanced aspect of our subconscious mind that appropriately responds to both the rules of society and the desires of the individual.
Ego
According to Freud's theory of mind, a personality that is selfish, unruly, and impulsive has a strong _____.
Id
According to Freud's theory of mind, a personality that is nervous or anxious has a strong _____.
Superego
According to Freud's theory of mind, a personality that is unemotional and overly rational is thought to have an overactive _____.
Ego
Psychologists who came after Freud and added a more social element to his theories are called _____.
Neo-Freudians
Alfred Adler, a neo-Freudian, used the term _____ complex to explain why most people strive to be superior in many situations.
Inferiority
This personality theory developed by B.F. Skinner looks at how people learn through modeled behavior, associations, rewards and punishments.
Behaviorism
According to _____ theories developed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow, people are born good and can reach their highest potential if they are given the right tools during crucial childhood stages of development.
Humanistic
According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, people can achieve their highest potential, called _____, when the basic needs of food, shelter, self-esteem, and belonging are met.
Self-actualization
According to Carl Rogers, when our real self and our ideal self match, we then become _____ individuals.
Fully functioning
According to Carl Rogers, when we feel tension because our real self and ideal self does not match, this is called _____.
Incongruence
We can overcome the feeling of incongruence when we learn to accept and love _____.
Ourselves
The _____ theory studies both the client's conscious and subconscious states of mind.
Psychodynamic
Carl Jung, a student of Sigmund Freud, developed the _____ to explore the introverted and extroverted personality traits of individuals.
Myers Briggs Personality Inventory
The _____ personality theory looks at a person's individual strengths and tries to build on them to improve their lives.
Humanistic
The _____ personalty theory suggests that a person's behavior is learned based on rewards or negative consequences.
Behaviorist

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