Tropical Rainforest Plants List & Flashcards

Tropical Rainforest Plants List & Flashcards
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Name this tropical rainforest plant:
Amazon water lily, Victoria amazonica.
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Name this base layer tropical rainforest plant:
Corpse plant, Rafflesia arnoldii.
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Bromeliads
With more than 2,500 species including pineapple, this group of air-plants with thick leaves and flowers, helps hold water in the canopy layer.
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Epiphytes
Also known as air plants, these plants grow on trees to get closer to the sunlight, usually getting everything they need from the air and the sun.
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Name this type of tropical rainforest adaptation:
Prop and Stilt Roots - allow palm to stay stable in wet areas. Example is a walking palm, Socratea exorrhiza.
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Lianas
Woody vines that climb trees to get to the sun light, making up a significant portion of tropical rainforest plant life.
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Name this tropical rainforest plant adaptation:
Smooth thin bark - helps keep other plants from growing on the tree and allows for evaporation of moisture.
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Name this tropical rainforest plant adaptation:
Buttress roots - provide stability allowing the trees to grow taller to reach the light and stretch out to have more contact with the nutrient poor soil.
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Name this canopy rainforest plant:
Acai Palm, Euterpe precatoria. This palm has stilt roots.
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The base layer of the rainforest
This layer of a tropical rainforest, does not have many plants, unlike many other types of forests.
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The understory layer
The understory of the rainforest has plants such as small trees, bushes and tall ferns, that often have broad leaves to be able to get enough sunlight.
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The canopy layer
The tallest layer of the rain forest, composed of trees and vines living on trees. This layer blocks sunlight from lower layers.
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Flashcard Content Overview

In the hot, humid regions close to the equator, the earth's tropical rainforests are teaming with the largest variety of life, or biodiversity, found in any biome. The plants are in an eternal race for height, as they fight over the precious sun light needed for food. Along with intense competition, the plants must be able to handle the near constant rain. Find out some of the ways that plants survive in the tropical rainforest in this flashcard set, and meet a selection of the thousands of plant species that call this biome home.

Front
Back
The canopy layer
The tallest layer of the rain forest, composed of trees and vines living on trees. This layer blocks sunlight from lower layers.
The understory layer
The understory of the rainforest has plants such as small trees, bushes and tall ferns, that often have broad leaves to be able to get enough sunlight.
The base layer of the rainforest
This layer of a tropical rainforest, does not have many plants, unlike many other types of forests.
Name this canopy rainforest plant:
Acai Palm, Euterpe precatoria. This palm has stilt roots.
Name this tropical rainforest plant adaptation:
Buttress roots - provide stability allowing the trees to grow taller to reach the light and stretch out to have more contact with the nutrient poor soil.
Name this tropical rainforest plant adaptation:
Smooth thin bark - helps keep other plants from growing on the tree and allows for evaporation of moisture.
Lianas
Woody vines that climb trees to get to the sun light, making up a significant portion of tropical rainforest plant life.
Name this type of tropical rainforest adaptation:
Prop and Stilt Roots - allow palm to stay stable in wet areas. Example is a walking palm, Socratea exorrhiza.
Epiphytes
Also known as air plants, these plants grow on trees to get closer to the sunlight, usually getting everything they need from the air and the sun.
Bromeliads
With more than 2,500 species including pineapple, this group of air-plants with thick leaves and flowers, helps hold water in the canopy layer.
Name this base layer tropical rainforest plant:
Corpse plant, Rafflesia arnoldii.
Name this tropical rainforest plant:
Amazon water lily, Victoria amazonica.
Name this tropical rainforest plant:
Silky oak, Grevillea robusta.
Name this tropical rainforest plant:
Tualang, Koompassia excelsa.
Name this tropical rainforest plant:
Teak, Tectona grandis.
Name this tropical rainforest plant:
Strangler Fig, Ficus.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Vanilla Orchid, Vanilla pompona.
Name the rainforest plant:
Parakeet Heliconia, Heliconia psittacorum.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Phenakospermum guyanense.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Cashew, Anacardium occidentale.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Papaya, Carica papaya.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Scarlet Passion flower, Passiflora coccinea.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Brazilnut tree, Bertholletia excelsa.
Name the tropical rainforest plant:
Kapok, Ceiba pentandra.

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