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Types of Crime Flashcards

Types of Crime Flashcards
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Bribery
A type of white collar crime in which an important decision is influenced by the offering of an item of value, such as money
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Fraud

A type of white collar crime in which a person or business intentionally deceives another through words and actions for financial gain; requires the victim to act on deliberately false statements

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White Collar Crime

A crime committed for financial gain during a business transaction. Examples: bribery, cybercrime, embezzlement, extortion, and fraud

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Crimes Against Morality

A crime violating the societal moral code that takes place between consenting adults in which there is no victim; Laws change over time due to changes in what is viewed as morally appropriate

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Arson

A type of property crime in which a building, vehicle, or piece of property is intentionally set on fire; Often leads to additional charges if crimes against persons also occur due to the crime

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Shoplifting

A type of property crime in which there is unauthorized removal of unpurchased items from a retail store

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Burglary

A type of property crime in which there is an intent to commit a crime after a home or commercial establishment is broken into and entered; Most commonly occurs during the day in late summer

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Kidnapping
A crime against a person involving a victim being taken against their will, or without authority in some cases, from one place to another
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Aggravated Offense

Any crime committed that involved either a deadly weapon or a victim that is seriously injured; Considered a more severe crime and therefore has a more severe punishment

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Assault
A crime against a person committed with intent (on purpose) in which there is an attempt at or there is physical harm to the victim
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Crimes Against People

Offenses that either cause or have the ability to cause bodily harm to a human victim

Examples: assault, domestic violence, kidnapping, and stalking

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22 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

If you've ever watched a crime show, you've probably heard police officers or judges describing crime using words like assault, extortion, or arson. The flashcards in this set will define the different categories of crime and the most common types of crime in each category. This includes terrorism, cybercrime, organized crime, white collar crime, and crimes against persons, property, and morality.

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Crimes Against People

Offenses that either cause or have the ability to cause bodily harm to a human victim

Examples: assault, domestic violence, kidnapping, and stalking

Assault
A crime against a person committed with intent (on purpose) in which there is an attempt at or there is physical harm to the victim
Aggravated Offense

Any crime committed that involved either a deadly weapon or a victim that is seriously injured; Considered a more severe crime and therefore has a more severe punishment

Kidnapping
A crime against a person involving a victim being taken against their will, or without authority in some cases, from one place to another
Burglary

A type of property crime in which there is an intent to commit a crime after a home or commercial establishment is broken into and entered; Most commonly occurs during the day in late summer

Shoplifting

A type of property crime in which there is unauthorized removal of unpurchased items from a retail store

Arson

A type of property crime in which a building, vehicle, or piece of property is intentionally set on fire; Often leads to additional charges if crimes against persons also occur due to the crime

Crimes Against Morality

A crime violating the societal moral code that takes place between consenting adults in which there is no victim; Laws change over time due to changes in what is viewed as morally appropriate

White Collar Crime

A crime committed for financial gain during a business transaction. Examples: bribery, cybercrime, embezzlement, extortion, and fraud

Fraud

A type of white collar crime in which a person or business intentionally deceives another through words and actions for financial gain; requires the victim to act on deliberately false statements

Bribery
A type of white collar crime in which an important decision is influenced by the offering of an item of value, such as money
Extortion
A type of white collar crime in which another person's property is taken, through the use of a threat or force, without their consent
Organized Crime

A local, national, or international group of people the commit crimes for political, financial, or social gain

Three forms: within a family (mafia), within a business, and within a gang

Organized Crime Control Act of 1970
Legislation that formally defined organized crime, prohibited illegal gambling organizations, and provided the ability to detain or protect witnesses/their families during organized crime trials
Terrorism
Violent, unlawful acts committed against a group of people in attempt to cause fear, achieve a political or religious goal, or coerce a government into acting a specific way
International Terrorism

Terrorism that occurs outside the United States

Still has the ability to affect American politics

Domestic Terrorism

Terrorism that occurs within the United States

Occurs due to democratic nature of the country and the large amount of political freedom afforded to its citizens

Cybercrime
Any type of crime that involves a computer, whether as the source or target of the crime, and a network
Cyberstalking
A type of cybercrime in which an individual, group, or organization are stalked, harassed, or monitored using the Internet or an electronic device
Identity Theft
A type of cybercrime in which a criminal steals and uses someone's personal information, pretending to be that person without their consent, to acquire some type of financial or personal gain
Phishing
A type of cybercrime in which a criminal uses misleading electronic communication to acquire a person's sensitive information, such as their passwords or credit card information
Oklahoma City Bombing

A domestic terrorism attack carried out in the U.S. in 1995. Timothy McVeigh carried out this attack and murdered 168 individuals.

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