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U.S. Criminal Trials Flashcards

U.S. Criminal Trials Flashcards
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Arraignment

This first hearing in the pretrial process is when a judge reads the formal charges brought against a defendant, the defendant pleads guilty or not guilty, and an attorney is appointed, if needed.

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Jury Deliberation

This fifth stage in a trial in is when the jury members discuss the evidence presented in the trial and determine a verdict in privacy.

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Closing Arguments

This fourth stage in a trial is when each party makes statements regarding what the evidence has been showm and its relationship to the crime; no actual evidence is presented.

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Cross Examination

This occurs when the defense attorney asks a witness questions following their testimony (direct examination).

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Direct Examination

This occurs when the prosecuting attorney questions the witness he/she has called to the stand to give their testimony (evidence).

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Witness Testimony

This third stage in a trial is when the witnesses describe, under oath, the incident in question from their perspective.

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Opening Statements

The second stage in a trial in which statements regarding what the evidence will show are delivered by each party; no actual evidence is presented at this time.

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Voir Dire

This first stage in a trial is when the members of the jury are selected; it is considered a pretrial event.

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Criminal Trial

a court proceeding with a judge or jury in which a prosecutor and defense attorney present evidence about a crime

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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

A crime has been committed and a suspect has been arrested. What comes next? The criminal trial. These flashcards will introduce you to the important elements of a criminal trial, including the events that occur pretrial through the main stages of the trial itself.

Front
Back
Criminal Trial

a court proceeding with a judge or jury in which a prosecutor and defense attorney present evidence about a crime

Voir Dire

This first stage in a trial is when the members of the jury are selected; it is considered a pretrial event.

Opening Statements

The second stage in a trial in which statements regarding what the evidence will show are delivered by each party; no actual evidence is presented at this time.

Witness Testimony

This third stage in a trial is when the witnesses describe, under oath, the incident in question from their perspective.

Direct Examination

This occurs when the prosecuting attorney questions the witness he/she has called to the stand to give their testimony (evidence).

Cross Examination

This occurs when the defense attorney asks a witness questions following their testimony (direct examination).

Closing Arguments

This fourth stage in a trial is when each party makes statements regarding what the evidence has been showm and its relationship to the crime; no actual evidence is presented.

Jury Deliberation

This fifth stage in a trial in is when the jury members discuss the evidence presented in the trial and determine a verdict in privacy.

Arraignment

This first hearing in the pretrial process is when a judge reads the formal charges brought against a defendant, the defendant pleads guilty or not guilty, and an attorney is appointed, if needed.

Bond Hearing

This part of the pretrial process is when the judge sets the monetary or non-monetary conditions by which an arrested defendant can be released to ensure they show up for their trial.

Discovery

This part of the pretrial process is when documents (such as police reports and witness lists) and evidence to be used in a criminal trial are exchanged between the prosecutor and the defense attorney.

Pre-Trial Motions

These official requests are filed with the court related to a criminal trial, such as requests for additional tests to be run on evidence or requests to throw out a case based on illegal arrest procedures.

Diversion Program

This program can be requested by a young defendant or a defendant with no criminal history; it aims to address the cause of an offense, like anger management, and leads to dismissal of charges.

Motion in Limine

This pretrial motion is filed to proactively resolve problems within a trial; for example, it can request exclusion of evidence or information not directly related to a case.

Jury Instructions

This set of rules, including the definition of terms like 'reasonable doubt,' is given to the jury by the judge at the end of a trial prior to jury deliberation; alternate jurors are dismissed.

Jury Foreperson

This jury member is selected by the rest of the jury at the start of jury deliberation to facilitate discussions and give the court the jury's verdict.

Elements of the Trial Process:

Voir dire

Opening statements

Witness testimony

Closing arguments

Jury deliberation

Witness Testimony

This trial process element involves questioning people who saw some portion of a criminal act. It involves direct examination by a prosecutor and cross examination by a defense attorney.

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