Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice Flashcards

Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice Flashcards
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Risk Assessment Factor: Demographics

This risk factor determines what groups of people experience higher risks of crime. This might involve considering gender, whether someone has been married, or where they live.

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Risk Assessment
A process that looks at various factors in an individual's life in order to determine how likely it is that they'll be victimized during a crime.
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Goals of Victimology

Setting up a way for victims to receive compensation

Obtaining accurate information about the crime through victimization surveys

Ensuring the victim has a place in the criminal justice process

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Victimology
One of criminology's sub-disciplines. This focuses on putting increased importance on the victims of a crime.
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Secondary Victim Cost
A cost that occurs if the victim of a crime feels victimized after the crime itself. This may occur during a trial if the victim is treated as a criminal.
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Primary Victim Cost

Victims of a crime face these costs when the crime occurs, making them difficult to prevent. They may include emotional stresses, injuries or losses that are financial in nature.

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13 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards reviews both primary and secondary victim costs. You'll be able to consider victimology and its uses in the justice system, as well as review the process of risk assessment. Furthermore, this set contains cards that consider risk assessment factors for victimization including economic status, demographics, community, social activities and substance abuse.

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Primary Victim Cost

Victims of a crime face these costs when the crime occurs, making them difficult to prevent. They may include emotional stresses, injuries or losses that are financial in nature.

Secondary Victim Cost
A cost that occurs if the victim of a crime feels victimized after the crime itself. This may occur during a trial if the victim is treated as a criminal.
Victimology
One of criminology's sub-disciplines. This focuses on putting increased importance on the victims of a crime.
Goals of Victimology

Setting up a way for victims to receive compensation

Obtaining accurate information about the crime through victimization surveys

Ensuring the victim has a place in the criminal justice process

Risk Assessment
A process that looks at various factors in an individual's life in order to determine how likely it is that they'll be victimized during a crime.
Risk Assessment Factor: Demographics

This risk factor determines what groups of people experience higher risks of crime. This might involve considering gender, whether someone has been married, or where they live.

Risk Assessment Factor: Social Activities
This risk factor is determined by how social an individual is, what activities they engage in, and when. Individuals who behave more socially have more chances to experience victimization.
Risk Assessment Factor: Community

This risk factor assesses how the area where a person lives is structured. For example, the presence of nearby bars, liquor stores, etc, can have an effect on victimization.

Risk Assessment Factor: Economic Status
A risk factor based on how much money a person has. It's been found that poorer areas are at higher risk for crime, partially because there is a smaller police presence in these areas.
Risk Assessment Factor: Substance Abuse

This risk assessment factor is closely tied to increases in violence and other crime. Avoiding this factor offers the easiest method to ensure victimization doesn't occur.

Victim
We use this term when talking about any individual who experiences some kind of injury or harm due to crime. These individuals may suffer from primary and secondary costs.
The Cost of Victimization: Dimensions

Financial loss

Emotional stress

Physical injury

Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)

A federal agency found within the U.S. Department of Justice. This organizations administers the Crime Victims Fund and provides aid for people who experience crime.

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