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Victorian Architecture Terms Flashcards

Victorian Architecture Terms Flashcards
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Arts and Crafts Architecture
A style that peaked in popularity in the late 19th century for a couple of decades. It favors unique designs that fit naturally into their surroundings.
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Gothic Revival architecture was mainly used in specific sorts of buildings, such as _____.
Public government buildings (including the new Houses of Parliament) and churches
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Gothic Revival
A style that predated Queen Victoria's reign, but which gained popularity during the 1850s-1880s. This style takes inspiration from French and European cathedrals.
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Classical/Neoclassical Architecture
Like neoclassical art, this architectural style is influenced by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Its defining characteristics are columns and symmetrical design.
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Richard Norman Shaw
One of the major architects of Queen Anne style. He also used the Arts and Crafts style.
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Queen Anne Style
A style popularized between the 1870s and early 1900s. It is characterized by a manor-like facade, fancy ornamentation, and asymmetrical fronts and towers.
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Common Features in Victorian Buildings
Many Victorian buildings incorporate brick, large windows, large staircases, porches, and fireplaces. They also use stylistic elements like bright colors and curlicue trims.
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The Influence of Railroads on Victorian Architecture
As railroads expanded, more people were able to procure prefabricated items for building including window glass, tiles, and granite.
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Victorian Architecture
An array of architectural styles that emerged during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards provides an introduction to the styles and characteristics of Victorian architecture. The set reviews the major types of architecture associated with the period: Queen Anne, Classical/Neoclassical, Gothic Revival, Arts and Crafts, Italianate Victorian, and Romanesque Victorian. Learn to recognize important buildings from each style.

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Victorian Architecture
An array of architectural styles that emerged during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
The Influence of Railroads on Victorian Architecture
As railroads expanded, more people were able to procure prefabricated items for building including window glass, tiles, and granite.
Common Features in Victorian Buildings
Many Victorian buildings incorporate brick, large windows, large staircases, porches, and fireplaces. They also use stylistic elements like bright colors and curlicue trims.
Queen Anne Style
A style popularized between the 1870s and early 1900s. It is characterized by a manor-like facade, fancy ornamentation, and asymmetrical fronts and towers.
Richard Norman Shaw
One of the major architects of Queen Anne style. He also used the Arts and Crafts style.
Classical/Neoclassical Architecture
Like neoclassical art, this architectural style is influenced by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Its defining characteristics are columns and symmetrical design.
Gothic Revival
A style that predated Queen Victoria's reign, but which gained popularity during the 1850s-1880s. This style takes inspiration from French and European cathedrals.
Gothic Revival architecture was mainly used in specific sorts of buildings, such as _____.
Public government buildings (including the new Houses of Parliament) and churches
Arts and Crafts Architecture
A style that peaked in popularity in the late 19th century for a couple of decades. It favors unique designs that fit naturally into their surroundings.
Italianate Victorian
The style was popular at the start of the 19th century and lasted around 40 years. It merges classical elements like symmetry and columns with Mediterranean design elements.
Romanesque Victorian
A style inspired by 11th and 12th century Romanesque architecture and which was popular before and during Queen Victoria's reign. It is used mostly in public buildings and churches.
Identify this architectural style.
Italianate Victorian architecture. It is the Dorchester House, built in London and demolished in 1929.
Identify this architectural style.
Romanesque Victorian. This is the Church of St. Mary and St. Nicholas, built in the 1840s in Wilton, Wiltshire, England.
Identify this architectural style.
Arts and Crafts Style. The Carson Mansion in Eureka, California is an example of how these architectural styles had an international influence.
Identify this architectural style.
Arts and Crafts style. The Red House has unique details and fits its surroundings. It is located in Bexleyheath, England and was built in 1859.
Identify this architectural style.
Classical/Neoclassical. Note the symmetry and columns. Witley Court was remodeled in the 1850s and is located in Worcestershire, England.
Identify this architectural style.
Queen Anne style. The Old Swan House in in London and was builtin in 1876 by Richard Norman.
Identify this architectural style.
Gothic Revival. The new Houses of Parliament were built between the 1840s and 1870s in London.

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