Vietnam & U.S. Involvement Flashcards

Vietnam & U.S. Involvement Flashcards
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Madame Nhu
This was Ngo Dinh Nhu's wife who told reporter that the Buddhists who set themselves on fire in protest were merely a barbeque. This turned the tide against Diem.
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Battle of Ap Bac
The ARVN had incompetent leadership going into this battle; when they met the highly trained Viet Cong troops, the North won.
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Civilian Irregular Defense Group
Tribespeople who fought against the Viet Cong
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Kennedy and Geneva Agreements
Kennedy supplied the Vietnam airforce with planes and soldiers. This move violated the Geneva Agreements.
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Use of herbicide in the Vietnam War
Herbicide was used to get rid of the thick plants and help to expose hiding Viet Cong and PAVN soldiers.
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Project Jungle Jim
U.S. soldiers became advisors to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) in Vietnam.
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George Ball
An adviser to President Kennedy who was strongly against all involvement in Vietnam.
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Taylor-Rostow Report
Gave two options - increase numbers in Vietnam, or lose the war.
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Carrot-and-stick approach
The carrot-and-stick approach uses rewards and punishment. For example, McGeorge Bundy advocated bombing (the stick) Vietnam while offering peace (the carrot).
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Robert McNamara
An adviser to President Kennedy who rated, or quantified, the successfulness of war operations mathematically.
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Flashcard Content Overview

What was project Jungle Jim all about? Why was herbicide used in Vietnam? What move made the Vietnam War much less popular than previous wars among Americans? What about Nixon? How was his involvement and policy changes important?

The Vietnam War is one of the most controversial conflicts in American history. While the loss of life that comes with any war was a part of its unpopularity, the policies and politics behind the scenes also had a huge impact on Americans' feelings toward the Vietnam War. Learn more about the reasons why the war was unpopular, and get the answer to many more questions as you flip through the flashcards about America's involvement in the Vietnam War. With these flashcards, you will learn the details and reasons behind some of the choices made during the war in Vietnam.

Front
Back
Robert McNamara
An adviser to President Kennedy who rated, or quantified, the successfulness of war operations mathematically.
Carrot-and-stick approach
The carrot-and-stick approach uses rewards and punishment. For example, McGeorge Bundy advocated bombing (the stick) Vietnam while offering peace (the carrot).
Taylor-Rostow Report
Gave two options - increase numbers in Vietnam, or lose the war.
George Ball
An adviser to President Kennedy who was strongly against all involvement in Vietnam.
Project Jungle Jim
U.S. soldiers became advisors to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) in Vietnam.
Use of herbicide in the Vietnam War
Herbicide was used to get rid of the thick plants and help to expose hiding Viet Cong and PAVN soldiers.
Kennedy and Geneva Agreements
Kennedy supplied the Vietnam airforce with planes and soldiers. This move violated the Geneva Agreements.
Civilian Irregular Defense Group
Tribespeople who fought against the Viet Cong
Battle of Ap Bac
The ARVN had incompetent leadership going into this battle; when they met the highly trained Viet Cong troops, the North won.
Madame Nhu
This was Ngo Dinh Nhu's wife who told reporter that the Buddhists who set themselves on fire in protest were merely a barbeque. This turned the tide against Diem.
Causes of the credibility gap in the 1960s
Conflicting information from the government, military officials, and the media sowed doubt about the Vietnam War in American minds.
Plots against Diem
The United States' official position was to support any plots to overthrow Diem, but not necessarily plots to harm him.
Operation Pierce Arrow
Air strike intended to carry out bombings against North Vietnamese targets.
1964 election
During the election, President Lyndon Johnson's opponents claimed he was not active enough in Vietnam, so he had to step up and take more action, despite being against the war.
Operation Rolling Thunder
A huge operation where bombs were dropped by aircraft.
July Decision
The result was more troops sent to Vietnam and sealed that fate of American involvement with Vietnam.
Search and destroy
After Westmoreland took over, this was America's new approach to Vietnam.
Johnson and the draft
In 1965, President Johnson reinstated the draft. This move caused the Vietnam War to lose popularity.
Vietnamization
In 1969, Nixon told the public that the real question of American peace can be answered by withdrawing troops on a schedule after peace in Vietnam was achieved.
Easter Offensive
North Vietnam attacked South Vietnam, and almost won until American forces came in and stopped the North.

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