World Events from 1648-1740 Flashcards

World Events from 1648-1740 Flashcards
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Post-empire power state in the 17th and 18th century in Europe that rose due to imperial control of neighboring territories.
Austria
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Victorious English general in the War of the Spanish Succession.
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough
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Early 18th century problem in Spain over leadership.
A lack of a clear successor to the throne caused foreign powers to fight.
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Adjective to describe the foreign policy approach of Louis XIV.
Aggressive
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Political struggle which led to the English Civil War.
Power struggle between Charles I and Parliament.
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English leader at the onset of the English Civil War.
Charles I
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Alternative title for King Louis XIV
The Sun King
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Term to describe the occurrence of building Versailles by Louis XIV and St. Petersburg by Peter the Great
Tribute to personal rule.
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Examples of successful societal programs of Louis XIV.
Unified French Legal Code, Construction of the Palace of Versailles, and an increase in art and culture.
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Consequences of the Treaty of Utrecht
France's regional power declined. Spain and England's Power was affected as they had to give up territory. Britain became more powerful internationally by obtaining colonies in North America.
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Influential French Monarch known for thriving culture and political power.
Louis XIV
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Binding right of agreement between the people and the monarch.
social contract
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Developer of social contract theory
John Locke
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Benefit of the 1689 English Bill of Rights
The monarch of England could not mess with a defined amount of power held by each citizen.
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Primary cause of the economic decline of Spain
Disappearance of the steady flow of gold and silver from the South American colonies.
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Reasons for Spain's decline in international power during the 1600s.
Dysfunction of the economy, internal political strife, increase in power of Western European trade.
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Power play as a result of the Peace of Westphalia.
Reduction in religious and political control over the state of the Holy Roman Empire by the Emperor.
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Modern island European nation not part of the Holy Roman Empire
Great Britain
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The Peace of Westphalia ended this European Conflict.
The Thirty Years' War
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39 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Europe and Asia have a very storied and unique history. Many nations in these regions rose and fell in terms of power and control in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Further, many unique leaders assumed control of their nations and performed actions that left a major legacy culturally, politically, and economically. There was also a rise in colonialism, shifts in trade, a population boom, and the emergence of industrial advances that changed the world. This card set will cover these topics so you can gain a better grasp of this interesting time in world history.

Front
Back
The Peace of Westphalia ended this European Conflict.
The Thirty Years' War
Modern island European nation not part of the Holy Roman Empire
Great Britain
Power play as a result of the Peace of Westphalia.
Reduction in religious and political control over the state of the Holy Roman Empire by the Emperor.
Reasons for Spain's decline in international power during the 1600s.
Dysfunction of the economy, internal political strife, increase in power of Western European trade.
Primary cause of the economic decline of Spain
Disappearance of the steady flow of gold and silver from the South American colonies.
Benefit of the 1689 English Bill of Rights
The monarch of England could not mess with a defined amount of power held by each citizen.
Developer of social contract theory
John Locke
Binding right of agreement between the people and the monarch.
social contract
Influential French Monarch known for thriving culture and political power.
Louis XIV
Consequences of the Treaty of Utrecht
France's regional power declined. Spain and England's Power was affected as they had to give up territory. Britain became more powerful internationally by obtaining colonies in North America.
Examples of successful societal programs of Louis XIV.
Unified French Legal Code, Construction of the Palace of Versailles, and an increase in art and culture.
Term to describe the occurrence of building Versailles by Louis XIV and St. Petersburg by Peter the Great
Tribute to personal rule.
Alternative title for King Louis XIV
The Sun King
English leader at the onset of the English Civil War.
Charles I
Political struggle which led to the English Civil War.
Power struggle between Charles I and Parliament.
Adjective to describe the foreign policy approach of Louis XIV.
Aggressive
Early 18th century problem in Spain over leadership.
A lack of a clear successor to the throne caused foreign powers to fight.
Victorious English general in the War of the Spanish Succession.
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough
Post-empire power state in the 17th and 18th century in Europe that rose due to imperial control of neighboring territories.
Austria
Post-empire power state in the 18th century which rose due to marriages, death of leaders, and political strategy.
Prussia
Motivation for the Westernization policies in Russia by Peter I.
A tour of Europe.
Three early problems facing Peter the Great when he became tsar.
No trading port access at the Baltic Sea, Religiously run school system, Little contact with the rest of Europe.
Main two impacts of Peter the Great's leadership.
Territorial expansion and inclusion of western ideas.
Main legacy of Peter the Great.
Russia became a powerhouse and westernization.
A government that should seek to directly maximize exports to benefit the economy.
Mercantilism.
The succession of this person prompted the War of Austrian Succession.
Maria Theresa
Primary cause of Poland's Partition
An easily manipulated and inefficient political system.
The primary status of Prussia under Frederick I and Frederick II.

A prosperous place due to reformed education, a strong fiscal approach, and government supported infrastructure.

Causes for the power shift in 18th century Europe.
A rich but small nobility, a large and poor set of farmers, and a growing middle urban working class due to industrialization.
Manner in which the population of Europe increased in the 18th century.
Quickly, rapidly, fast, etc.
Cause of the shift in commercial activity in 18th century Europe from South to North.
Trade with colonies of France and Britain was more profitable than trading with the far East as was common in the past.
Causes of the first Industrial Revolution.
Substantial population growth, innovative factory technology, transportation improvements.
Reason why historians consider the Seven Years' War to be the first 'world war.'
It involved conflict in European territories and was thus global versus focused only on one continent.
Nation who declined in dominance of North American colonies after the Seven Years' War.
France
Nation whose presence in North American colonies began to dominate after the Seven Years' War.
Great Britain
Treaty which ended the Seven Years' War.
Treaty of Paris
Effects of the growth of trade on European society in the 18th century.
Craftsmen became wealthy and threatened the power of the upper classes, a general increase in life expectancy, consumer purchasing power was more prevalent.
Factors dictating expansion of European economies in the 18th century.
Trade pattern shifts due to colonies, new industrial methods, and agricultural change for farming.
Reasons why a constitutional government was created in England.
Class distinctions were becoming blurred, there was an increase in power by Parliament, Succession issues by the Tudor family forced more agreements with Parliament.

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