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Writing Style Flashcards

Writing Style Flashcards
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Diction
Word choice
Got it
6 keys to writing well

1. Worthwhile idea

2. Specific examples

3. Clear, concise purpose

4. Well-organized

5. Consistent voice

6. No spelling or grammar errors

Got it
Identify and correct the error: 'Bob likes the video game more than Betsy.'
Ambiguous comparison error, should be: 'Bob likes the video game more than Betsy likes it.'
Got it
Identify and correct the superlative comparison error: 'Lunch was good, but dinner was the best.'
Should be comparison form instead of superlative form: 'Lunch was good, but dinner was better.'
Got it
3 forms of comparison for one, two, or three or more things
Positive, comparative, and superlative.
Got it
Identify and fix the illogical comparison: 'She likes DVDs more than movie theaters.'
Comparing a DVD to a theater. Instead say: 'She likes watching DVDs more than going to movie theaters.'
Got it
Illogical comparisons
A comparison made between two incomparable objects, can also include issues of inclusion or improper superlatives.
Got it
Change this sentence to be in passive voice: 'She yelled at him.'
'He was yelled at by her.'
Got it
2 questions to identify active or passive voice

1. What is the action (verb)?

2. Is a subject doing the action?

Got it
Change this sentence to be in active voice: 'The children were excited by the ice cream man.'
'The ice cream man excited the children.'
Got it
Difference between active and passive voices
In active voice, the subject performs the verb. In passive, the subject is acted upon.
Got it

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Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set can help you test your knowledge of the foundations of style in writing, such as tone and voice. The set includes issues of comparisons, homophones, connotations, and idioms, as well as sentence structure and clarity. You may use these flashcards to help test your ability to identify and correct errors in sample sentences.

Front
Back
Difference between active and passive voices
In active voice, the subject performs the verb. In passive, the subject is acted upon.
Change this sentence to be in active voice: 'The children were excited by the ice cream man.'
'The ice cream man excited the children.'
2 questions to identify active or passive voice

1. What is the action (verb)?

2. Is a subject doing the action?

Change this sentence to be in passive voice: 'She yelled at him.'
'He was yelled at by her.'
Illogical comparisons
A comparison made between two incomparable objects, can also include issues of inclusion or improper superlatives.
Identify and fix the illogical comparison: 'She likes DVDs more than movie theaters.'
Comparing a DVD to a theater. Instead say: 'She likes watching DVDs more than going to movie theaters.'
3 forms of comparison for one, two, or three or more things
Positive, comparative, and superlative.
Identify and correct the superlative comparison error: 'Lunch was good, but dinner was the best.'
Should be comparison form instead of superlative form: 'Lunch was good, but dinner was better.'
Identify and correct the error: 'Bob likes the video game more than Betsy.'
Ambiguous comparison error, should be: 'Bob likes the video game more than Betsy likes it.'
6 keys to writing well

1. Worthwhile idea

2. Specific examples

3. Clear, concise purpose

4. Well-organized

5. Consistent voice

6. No spelling or grammar errors

Diction
Word choice
Difference between effect and affect
'Affect' is generally used as a verb describing influence. 'Effect' is a noun that most often is describing a result.
Restate this sentence with better diction: 'The water fell down the rocks into a noisy stream.'
One option could be: 'The water cascaded down the rocks into a babbling brook.'
Change the tone of this sentence from positive to negative: 'She gladly handed over the remote control.'
One option could be: 'She unhappily handed over the remote control.'
Connotation
The feelings, ideas, and emotions a word conjures in an individual.
Homophone
Words that sound alike but have different meanings.
5 considerations for sentence clarity

1. Organization

2. No extra words

3. Active voice (usually)

4. Word choice

5. Rhythm

Clarify this sentence: 'The van was on the side of the road, broken down, where it was hot, with a flat tire.'
One option is: 'The van was broken down with a flat tire, sitting on the side of the road in the heat.'
Mixed structure sentence
A sentence that includes incompatible aspects, starting in one structure and ending in another.
Correct the sentence: 'Although my hair is long, but I usually keep it in a ponytail.'
Remove either 'although' or 'but' to correct the sentence.
Correct the sentence: 'While the cat loves milk, though it is lactose intolerant.'
Use either 'while' or 'though,' do not use both.
Superlative comparison
Showing value between three or more options, using a word like 'best' or 'worst.'

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