Sudha Aravindan has taught high school Math and professional development in Information Technology for over 10 years. Sudha has a Doctorate of Education degree in Mathematics Education from the University of Delaware, USA, a Masters degree in English Literature from the University of Kerala, India, a Bachelor of Education degree in Teaching of Math from the University of Kerala, India, and a Bachelor of Science degree in Math, Physics and Statistics from the University of Kerala, India. Sudha has a certificate in Java programming and Statistical Analysis.
Assignment Explanation and Topic Overview
Writing a novel is an elaborate process for a 12th grade student. This assignment guides the student through brainstorming and mind mapping to create an outline for an original novel. The outline will help identify the plot, subplot, characters, and setting and specify the sequence of events for the story. The events should lead to a coherent story and build towards the intended outcome - mystery, suspense, growth, or resolution.
The outline will become the foundation for the novel, and expanding on the outline will help the student write the entire novel from beginning to end! A rubric is included for assessment of the outline.
- Brainstorm: Thinking about and discovering ideas and solutions
- Mind Map: A diagram to visualize and connect the different components
- Sentence Outline: Using sentences to write down the overview without filling in the details
- Plot: The events and organization of events that make up your story
- Subplot: The story within a story
- Characters: The main character is the protagonist and the villain is the antagonist
- Setting: The time, place and physical location of a story
- Sequence of Events: Order in which events happen and how one event leads to the other
Assignment Instructions for Students
To familiarize yourself about the concept of a novel, start by reading any ONE of the following novels:
Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes; Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe; 20,000 Leagues under the Sea by Jules Verne; Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury; World War Z by Max Brooks.
Follow the instructions in Part A and Part B. Finally write your outline following the template described in Part C.
Note: For an extra assignment you can follow Part D to write your original novel.
Part A: Pre-Writing Techniques
Brainstorm: Start by brainstorming an idea for your original novel. This would start with generating ideas and deciding which ideas you'll keep and which you wouldn't be able to use. Write down the ideas in your notebook or on a Word editing document on the computer.
Mind Map: After you have decided on your idea of the novel, the next step is to create a mind map. Start with your main idea. Draw lines to connect your main idea to plot, subplot, theme, setting and characters.
Outline: The next step is to create an outline. Use the full sentence outline method where you write out full sentences for the overall summary without the details. Once you have the outline, you can fill in the details and combine sentences into paragraphs to indicate complete thoughts and expression of ideas.
Part B: What to Include in Your Outline
- What is the main story?
- What is the conflict?
- Who are the main characters?
- What is the setting of your story? Current or historical time? A house or a resort?
- What is your plot? Is there a subplot? What is the timeline of events? What happens in the beginning, middle and end?
- What are your scenes? What actions do your characters engage in?
Part C: Template for the Outline
|Introduction||What is the story about?|
|Set the Scene||What is the setting of the story?|
|Main Character||Introduce the main character|
|Conflict||What is the problem the main character is facing?|
|Supporting characters||Which supporting characters does the main character interact with?|
|Subplot||Is there a subplot that contributes to the story in some way?|
|Events||What sequence of events happen to progress the story?|
|Resolution||How is the conflict resolved?|
|Conclusion||What happens to all the characters in the story?|
Part D: Write the Novel (Extra Assignment)
After you have a clear outline, you can start writing your novel. There are many ways to start a novel. For example, you can start your novel in the middle to introduce the story of the main plot. Or you can introduce one of your characters first.
Next, develop the main characters. Describe conflicts. Make use of literary devices. Complete the story from beginning to end.
Read, revise and edit the novel. When you are satisfied, share it with friends and family to read!
This rubric is for the outline of the novel as required by this assignment.
|Creativity and Originality|
|Sequence of Events|
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