1984 Book 3 Chapter 4 Summary

Instructor: Wendy A. Garland

Wendy has a Ph.D. in Adult Education and a Master's Degree in Business Management. She has 10 years experience working in higher education.

This lesson will begin with a brief recap of 1984, Book 3, Chapter 3 and then summarize Chapter 4 of Book 3. In this Chapter, Winston is given relief from torture and interrogation, and realizes he still hates Big Brother. O'Brien then sends him to Room 101.


In 1984, Book 3, Chapter 3, O'Brien told Winston that the motive of the Party's rule was absolute and unlimited power. O'Brien then forced Winston to look at his horribly emaciated and contorted body in the mirror, and told him that he has been broken. Winston told O'Brien he was wrong, because he never betrayed Julia. O'Brien acknowledged this fact, which pleased Winston. However, O'Brien told Winston that none of it mattered, since everyone was eventually shot anyway.

Winston Finds Some Comfort

As Chapter 4 of Book 3 in 1984 begins, Winston is no longer being tortured or interrogated. He has been moved a comfortable room and is gaining his weight back. He is allowed to write on a small slate with a pencil and he has been given clean clothes and warm water to wash.

Winston has a bed as well, with the benefit of amenities such as a pillow and a mattress. These pleasant extras allow him to sleep and have pleasant dreams about Julia, his mother, O'Brien, and himself, all together in Golden Country. Winston dreams they are doing nothing, only talking about peaceful and calm things.

Winston Tries To Love The Party

While in the more comfortable cell, Winston decides that he can no longer fight against the Party, and he was wrong to ever try. He picks up his pencil and slate and begins writing down slogans of the Party, including 'Freedom is slavery' and 'Two and two make five,' in an effort to think the same way as they do. After a while, Winston accepts everything for which the Party stands. But it doesn't last.

One day, Winston wakes from one of his dreams sweating, screaming Julia's name, and professing his love for her. He is terrified of how much trouble this has caused him, but he also comes to a realization: Winston, while willing to obey the Party, still hates it.

O'Brien Punishes Winston

After his unintentional outburst, Winston tries bury his hatred of the Party deep within him, so when he is eventually shot, he will die hating the Party. This way, he will be able to get away with it, and the Party will forever become imperfect. Winston considers that to be freedom.

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