Copyright

A Christmas Carol Stave 1 Summary

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: A Christmas Carol Stave 2 Summary

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 Scrooge & Marley
  • 0:46 Bah! Humbug!
  • 2:34 A Visit from Marley
  • 4:56 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Margaret Stone

Margaret has taught both college and high school English and has a master's degree in English.

In Stave 1 of ''A Christmas Carol,'' readers meet Ebenezer Scrooge, the miserly main character of Charles Dickens' novella. Scrooge is annoyed by the Christmas season, and upon returning home, encounters a ghost who looks strangely familiar.

Scrooge and Marley

Ebenezer Scrooge is the miserly old banker and broker in A Christmas Carol, a novella by Charles Dickens. As the novella opens, Scrooge is at work at a warehouse that bears the sign ''Scrooge and Marley'', although Jacob Marley, Scrooge's partner, has been dead for seven years.

Scrooge is so tight-fisted that he could make a penny squeal; the stingy old man allows Bob Cratchit, his clerk, only one piece of coal to burn, though he is freezing on this foggy December day. It is Christmas Eve, and Scrooge resents having to allow his clerk to take Christmas Day off, and with pay.

Bah! Humbug!

Fred, Scrooge's nephew, stops by to wish his uncle a Merry Christmas, but Scrooge responds, ''Bah! Humbug!'' Fred cannot understand why his uncle is not caught up in the spirit of the season. Scrooge informs him that, in his opinion, his nephew is poor and has nothing to celebrate. Scrooge's nephew replies that he benefits from Christmas because it's a time when people are open and giving. Despite his uncle's foul humor, Fred invites Scrooge to dine with him and his family on Christmas.

After Scrooge's nephew leaves his uncle's office, two men arrive seeking a donation for the needy. ''We choose this time, because it is a time, of all others, when Want is keenly felt, and Abundance rejoices,'' the men explain. When they ask Scrooge for a donation, he refuses and ushers them out of his office.

Scrooge is further annoyed by a caroler who attempts to sing a Christmas song through the keyhole. Scrooge reacts to the merriment with violence. ''Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action, that the singer fled in terror, leaving the keyhole to the fog and even more congenial frost.''

When closing time arrives, Scrooge grudgingly and with a scowl sends his clerk home. Bob gleefully heads for home, stopping to play with children in the street along the way. Scrooge is secretly happy too, as he will be rid of the holiday merrymaking as soon as he arrives at his darkened house.

A Visit from Marley

As Scrooge arrives at his house, he thinks he sees Marley's face on the door knocker. Scrooge knows this is impossible since Marley is long dead, but he checks all the rooms in his house anyway. There is no disarray. ''Humbug!'' Scrooge says, as he tries to shake the eerie feeling from the incident.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support