Abigail Adams Lesson for Kids: Biography & Facts

Instructor: Claire DeSaussure

Claire has worked in behavioral programs at the Elementary Level and has an MLS with a focus on Creative Writing.

Abigail Adams is most famous for being a First Lady of the United States of America. She was married to John Adams, the second president. Abigail Adams was also the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth president.

What's a First Lady?

First Lady is the title given to the wife of the President. Her main job is to act as a friendly host to anyone that comes to the White House. She does not receive any money for this job, but her role is an important one. She is often asked to hold big dinners and make presidents from other countries feel welcome. First ladies often pick a cause or charity to support and bring to the nation's attention. Abigail Adams' cause was her belief that women should have equal rights to men.

Abigail and John

Abigail was born on November 11, 1744. She didn't have any formal education, but she loved to read. John Adams was her childhood friend, and when he came back from college, John realized how much he loved Abigail. They both loved to read poetry, and it was their shared love of books that drew them together. They were married in 1764 and had six children.

Abigail Adams as a Young Woman
Abigail Adams as a Young Woman

A Tough Lady

Before he became president, John Adams worked in the government as a delegate to the Continental Congress. This meant that Abigail had to take care of things on her own. She had to teach the children, take care of the farm, and try to find the supplies they needed during the Revolutionary War. This was the war that took place when America was trying to be free from the rule of Britain, and things people needed were hard to come by. However, Abigail was stubborn and worked hard and everything went well.

Abigail wrote lots of letters to her husband. She wrote about politics, about how much she missed him, and about life on the farm. Abigail could not spell very well, and was not good at grammar, but her letters are full of ideas and love for her husband.

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