Achievement Test: Definition & Examples

Achievement Test: Definition & Examples
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  • 0:05 Formal & Informal Tests
  • 1:11 Diagnostic
  • 1:57 Formative
  • 2:25 Summative
  • 3:04 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

Achievement tests cover a broad range of formal and informal assessments that are given at various points in learning. This lesson looks at various types of achievement tests and their purposes.

Formal and Informal Tests

Students take many different types of tests for many different reasons. Achievement tests are designed to measure acquired knowledge or skills. Some achievement tests are formal, such as standardized tests that are purchased from a testing company. Examples of familiar, formal achievement tests include the American College Test (ACT), the Iowa Test of Basic Skills, and STAR Early Assessment.

Standardized achievement tests provide a fairly accurate snapshot of student learning that can be used to compare students against either mastery of a set of standards, as is the case with criterion-referenced tests, or the norm, if it is norm-referenced. Formal achievement tests are used for accountability and college admissions. Informal achievement tests are used by classroom teachers to evaluate student learning and assign grades. Most assessments that students take are informal. Achievement tests may be taken before, during, or after a learning experience. Here's a look at some different types of achievement tests and their uses.

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