Acostarse Conjugation: Command & Preterite

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  • 0:04 The Verb ''Acostarse''
  • 0:27 Acostarse in the Past
  • 1:11 Preterite Conjugation…
  • 2:12 Acostarse in the Imperative
  • 3:41 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

This lesson covers the Spanish verb ''acostarse'' ('to go to bed'), a pronominal and irregular verb. We will talk about its use in the past tense, specifically the preterite, and we will also learn how to give commands by using the imperative.

The Verb Acostarse

Are you an early bird or a night owl? This will probably depend on your daily schedule. You'll need to learn how to use the verb acostarse, which means 'to go to bed,' when talking about your daily routine and sleep habits in Spanish.

Also, by learning the imperative, you'll understand the difference between a parent sending their child to bed or someone advising you to go to bed earlier.


Acostarse in the Past

Carla has just arrived at school when she runs into Tom, who looks exhausted.

Carla says: Pareces cansado. ('You look tired.') ¿A qué hora te acostaste anoche? ('What time did you go to bed last night?')

Tom answers: ¡Estoy hecho polvo! ('I'm worn out!') Me acosté a las 3 de la mañana y no dormí nada. ('I went to bed at 3 am, and I didn't sleep at all'.)

Carla exclaims: ¡Vaya! ('Wow!) Pues todos en casa nos acostamos temprano, así que hoy tengo mucha energía. ('All of us at home went to bed early, so I have a lot of energy today'.)

Preterite Conjugation of Acostarse

As indicated by the -se in the infinitive, the verb acostarse is pronominal. This means that we'll need to add a pronoun in front of it, depending on the person, when we conjugate it.

In the examples before, Tom and Carla are talking about finished actions in the past, so they use the preterite. The verb acostarse keeps its stem acost- in this tense, to which we will add the corresponding endings for each person.

Let's take a look at its conjugation:

VERB: acostarse (ah-kohs-TAHR-seh) - to go to bed

Subject Pronouns Acostarse Conjugation: Preterite Translation
yo me acosté I went to bed
te acostaste you went to bed
él/ella/usted se acostó he or she or you (formal) went to bed
nosotros nos acostamos we went to bed
vosotros os acostasteis you all went to bed
ellos/ellas/ustedes se acostaron they or you all (formal) went to bed

Acostarse in the Imperative

During their break, Carla tells Tom: ¡Acuéstate temprano esta noche y descansa! ('Go to bed early tonight and get some rest!')

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