Acostarse Conjugation: Present Tense & Present Progressive

Instructor: Elena Sacramento

Elena teaches Spanish as a foreign language and has a PhD in linguistics.

The Spanish verb 'acostarse' means 'to go to bed.' Check out this lesson to learn how to conjugate this irregular verb to talk about routines with the present tense, or about actions that have been happening lately with the present progressive.

What Time Do You Go to Bed?

Do you usually go to bed at the same time every day? What about on weekends? To talk about this with Spanish speakers, you'll need to know how to conjugate the verb acostarse (pronounced: ah-kohs-TAHR-seh), which means 'to go to bed.'

Learn how to conjugate this verb in both the present and the present progressive. To do this, we'll hear Nico and Isabel, who talk about their schedules and sleep habits.

The Spanish verb acostarse means to go to bed.
gotobed

Present Tense of Acostarse

We use the present tense to talk about habits or routines. So with the present of acostarse, you can say at what time you usually go to bed or ask others if they go to bed late on weekends, for example.

Before taking a look at its conjugation, we need to comment on a couple of things about acostarse:

  • Notice that the -se in the infinitive tells us that this is a reflexive verb, that is, the action is carried out by and for ourselves. In Spanish, when conjugating a reflexive verb, we have to add a reflexive pronoun IN FRONT of every form. These pronouns are (in subject order): me/te/se/nos/os/se.
  • Acostarse is a stem-changing verb, so its stem vowel changes in the present. To conjugate it, use the irregular stem acuest- for all forms, EXCEPT FOR nosotros/as and vosotros/as, which keep the regular stem acost-.

Let's see the resulting conjugation:

VERB: acostarse (ah-kohs-TAHR-seh) - to go to bed

Subject
Pronouns
Present
Tense
Pronunciation Translation
yo me acuesto (meh ah-KWEHS-toh) I go to bed
te acuestas (teh ah-KWEHS-tahs) you go to bed
él/ella
usted
se acuesta (seh ah-KWEHS-tah) he/she goes to bed -
you (formal) go to bed
nosotros/
nosotras
nos acostamos (nohs ah-kohs-TAH-mohs) we go to bed
vosotros/
vosotras
os acostáis (ohs ah-kohs-TIYS) you all go to bed
ellos/ellas
ustedes
se acuestan (seh ah-KWEHS-tahn) they go to bed /
you all go to bed

Note: In Spain, people use the form vosotros/as when addressing more than one person in an informal situation, but in the rest of the Spanish-speaking countries, people typically use ustedes in any situation.

Example Conversation

Let's hear Nico and Isabel talking about their weekly schedule.

Nico: ¿A qué hora te acuestas normalmente? (What time do you normally go to bed?)

Isabel: Todos tenemos horarios distintos en casa. (We all have different timetables at home.) Mis padres se acuestan temprano, sobre las nueve y media, porque madrugan casi todos los días. (My parents go to bed early, around half past nine, because they get up early almost every day.)

Yo casi siempre me acuesto a las once y me levanto a las siete. (I almost always go to bed at eleven and I get up at seven.) Y mi hermano se acuesta muy tarde porque trabaja en horario nocturno. (And my brother goes to bed very late because he works the night shift.)

¿Y vosotros? (And you (all)?) ¿Os acostáis a la misma hora siempre? (Do you all go to bed always at the same time?)

Nico: No, nosotros nos acostamos a distintas horas también. (No, we go to bed at different times as well.) Mis padres se acuestan a las diez, pero yo soy un noctámbulo y me acuesto tarde. (My parents go to bed at ten, but I'm a night owl and I go to bed late.)

Translation: I almost always go to bed early.
acostarse

Present Progressive of Acostarse

With the present progressive we can talk about actions that are happening at the moment of speaking or describe an action that has been happening lately. For example, you could say that you've been going to bed quite late for the last few days.

To form the present progressive, follow these steps:

  1. Add the reflexive pronouns depending on the subject.
  2. Conjugate the verb estar (to be) in the present.
  3. Add the gerund (-ing form) of acostar, which is acostando.

The good news is that the gerund is regular and doesn't change, so just keep in mind the conjugation of the verb estar.

VERB: acostarse (ah-kohs-TAHR-seh) - to go to bed

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