Aesop's Fables Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to teach students about Aesop and his tales. Students find out if he really lived, read some fables, and examine the morals within his stories. Apply learning with an engaging activity.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain who Aesop was and discuss his 'biography'
  • define fables and morals
  • read fables and identify morals


  • 50 - 60 minutes


  • Copies of Aesop's fables, one for each partner group

Key Vocabulary

  • Fables
  • Morals

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.


  • Connect students to learning by writing one of the morals from the lesson on the board and asking students to respond in writing. Share thoughts and ideas.
  • Tell students they will be learning about Aesop, fables, and morals. Share prior knowledge and discuss how the moral they analyzed fits the criteria for 'moral.'
  • Start the video lesson Who is Aesop? - Biography, Fables & Morals. Ask students to take notes, if you so desire.
  • Pause the lesson at 1:15. Define key terms, answer student questions, then discuss:
    • Was Aesop real?
    • What have historians found about Aesop?
    • Why do many believe Aesop didn't really live? What do you think?
  • Resume the video, pausing to discuss the morals listed. Have students share prior knowledge and explain, if possible.
  • Ask:
    • What do fables teach?
    • Do all fables have morals?
    • What type of characters do fables often have?
    • How did you learn morals?
  • Give students time to finish taking notes and answer any remaining questions.

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