African Countries: Names & Map

Instructor: Charles Kinney, Jr.
Africa is the second largest continent both in size and population. With that much land space and 54 countries (and more territories), Africa and African countries are set to become very important in the future. This lesson contains some brief facts as well as a chart listing all of the African countries, their capitals and the languages spoken.

African Countries Overview

African countries, although very varied by people and languages, have usually had a long history of mostly European (and the United States in Liberia) colonization and imperialism. This long period affected the cultural and language history of Africa. Most countries in Africa have several languages along with the language of the former colonial government.

There are 54 countries in Africa, all members of the African Union, a political and economic grouping of countries. With a population of over 1.1 billion and set to grow, and much of the mineral and material resources left on Earth, Africa plays an ever more important part in the world economy.

True Size of Africa.
True Size of Africa

Biggest and Smallest

Africa is so big in land size that the USA, China, India, most of Europe and Japan could comfortably fit inside of it.

Before looking at some Top 10 lists, let's highlight some of the biggest/smallest comparisons:

Land Area: Algeria (2,381,741 km2)/Seychelles (455 km2)

Population: Nigeria (177,155,760)/Seychelles (91,650)

Top 10 by Land Area

The biggest countries in Africa by land size are Algeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Libya, Chad, Niger, Angola, Mali, South Africa, Ethiopia.

The smallest countries in Africa by land size are Burundi, Rwanda, Djibouti, Swaziland, The Gambia, Cape Verde, Comoros, Mauritius, Sao Tome and Principe and Seychelles.

Top 10 by Population

Before you memorize lots of numbers that change rapidly, it's more important to know the big players in Africa. The biggest countries in Africa by population are Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, South Africa, Kenya, Algeria, Uganda, and Sudan.

The smallest countries in Africa by population (other than foreign territories) are Guinea-Bissau, Gabon, Swaziland, Mauritius, Djibouti, Comoros, Equatorial Guinea, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, and the Seychelles.

Top 10 by Economy

Fueled by the demand for resources and agricultural products, especially oil, the biggest economies in Africa are Nigeria, South Africa, Egypt, Algeria, Angola, Morocco, Libya, Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia.


African Countries

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