African Savanna: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

Have you ever heard of the African savanna? It's a fascinating place with lots of amazing plants and animals! Learn where the African savanna is located, what its weather is like, and lots of fun facts about the plants and animals that live there.

What Is the African Savanna?

The African savanna is a special place called a biome. A biome is a region in the world that has its own climate (or weather), plants, and animals. Let's go on a virtual journey to learn a little bit more about where the African savanna is, and what it's like!

Location

Are you surprised? The African savanna is located on the continent of Africa!

In this map of Africa, the savanna is located in the spots with the light blue.
Africa

It's mostly in the central and southern parts of Africa and covers lots of different countries, including: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte D'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, and South Africa.

Climate

When people talk about the climate of a place, they're referring to its general weather patterns over many months, seasons, and years. The savanna has a tropical climate, which means that it has warm temperatures all year long, but it has distinct seasons too.

The African savanna has a rainy season from December to April, and during this rainy season it rains as much as 15 to 30 inches - that can be over 2 and a half feet of rain! The dry season is the rest of the year, from May to November, and during this time the savanna doesn't get any more than 4 inches of rain. This means that the dry season is very dry, which makes it hard for plants and animals to survive.

What Plants Live in the African Savanna?

Did you know that there is a fancy name for plants that live in a certain habitat? That word is flora. Let's learn about the flora you can find in the African savanna.

Another word for savanna is grassland, so it's no surprise that there are lots of different types of grass in the savanna. And some famous trees you might see in the African savanna are the jackal berry tree and the acacia tree.

Do you recognize this tree? This is an acacia tree found in the country of Tanzania.
acacia tree

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