Albert Einstein Lesson for Kids: Biography & Facts

Instructor: Anna Reinking

Anni taught elementary school for eight years and is currently teaching college. She received her Ed.D. in Curriculum and Instruction.

Have you ever heard of the theory of relativity? That was the work of a man named Albert Einstein. In this lesson we will learn about this well-known German physicist.

A Genius is Born

Many people believe that Albert Einstein was a genius. He was born on March 14, 1879 to Hermann and Pauline Einstein in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. Albert's grandmother feared that Albert would have delayed development due to the sound of his cry. In fact, it's reported by his sister Maja that Albert did not speak until he was 2 years old.

Albert Einstein

Early Life

Albert Einstein attended elementary school in Munich, Germany. He did not like it very much. However, while in school he became very interested in mathematics and science. He left school at the age of 15. His family moved to Switzerland in 1895 and he began to study again. He finally completed his studies in 1900, still very passionate about math and physics, which is a type of science which explores how different natural forces effect matter.

In 1903 he married his first wife, Mileva. They would later divorce. In 1919, he married his second wife, his cousin Elsa.

Over the years, Einstein would become a father to three children.


After completing his studies, Albert began to work at a patent office. When he was not working, he continued to develop his ideas about physics. Einstein wrote new theories, or explanations, for the way physics works. He thought matter could be converted into energy, and devised a new formula to explain this, E=MC^2. His hard work paid off. In 1905 he was able to publish some of his ideas, including an early version of his famous theory of relativity, which explained that the laws of physics work the same way throughout the universe. This publication of his work helped his career. In 1909 he became a physics professor.

Albert continued to work on his theories. He became famous and was featured in magazines and newspapers. Soon he began to receive honors all over the world for his ideas. In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize for Physics because of his explanation of the photoelectric effect, which states that metals give out electrons when light is shined on them.

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