Algeria Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Shelly Merrell

Shelly has a Master's of Education. Most recent professional experience is an educational diagnostician. Prior, she taught for 8 years.

Let's travel across the continent of Africa together to the land of dessert, mountains and coastlines. Our journey will take us to the country of Algeria. We'll study the location, the people, the food and its uniqueness. Let's get started!

Where in the World is Algeria?

When you hear the about the continent of Africa, do you imagine tribal dancers, lions and jungles? Some parts of Africa are just as we may have imagined. But not, the country of The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, also simply called Algeria. Algeria is located in northwest Africa and bordered by Libya and Morocco. It is the largest country in Africa. Let's learn more about Algeria and its people.

The People

Algeria has more in common with Arab countries than it does other African countries. The population is more than 35 million, which are mostly Arabs and Berbers. The ancestry of Algerians is mixed with descendants from France, Spain and Sub-Saharan Africans. As a result, Algerians skin, hair and eye color vary.

Most of the population live on a very small amount of land along the Mediterranean Sea coastline. (A coastline is line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.) Along this coastline is the capital, Algiers, which is home for almost 3.5 million people. That's a lot of Algerians!

The light beige area depicts Algeria and its borders.
Algeria

The vast majority of Algerians follow the religion of Islam and are Sunni Muslims. Algeria is a democratic republic country, meaning they elect, or chose by voting, their president like America does. Often, conflicts arise when Muslims are unhappy with the government.

The major languages in Algeria are Arabic and Berber. French is widely spoken too. Algerian currency, or money, is the Algerian dinar.

The Sahara Desert

The Sahara Desert is known for its magnificent features. It is the largest hot desert in the world. It is also the third biggest dessert on a global scale. This desert covers about 80% of the land in Algeria, making it so that approximately 12% of the county is inhabited, meaning people live there. The desert is so big it reaches into almost 10 other countries.

The beige rocky area demonstrates how much of the land the Sahara Desert covers.
Sahara Desert

Climate and Agriculture

Since almost 80% of this country is covered in desert, growing certain kinds of crops is especially difficult. Another problem is that the climate can be extremely hot. The highest temperature ever recorded in Algeria was 123.8 degrees in 2011. That is hot!!

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