Aligning 2nd Grade Science with TEKS

Instructor: Clio Stearns

Clio has taught education courses at the college level and has a Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction.

In Texas, teachers need to align curriculum with the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS). This lesson gives you some insight into how to work with your second graders on science.

TEKS and Second Grade Science

Are you a second grade teacher in Texas? If so, you already know all about the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS). The standards give you plenty of work to do in the areas of math and literacy, but it is also important to address the field of science. This lesson will help you understand how to make sure you are meeting the requirements of the science standards.

TEKS and Scientific Methods

TEKS sees a great deal of importance in scientific methods and habits of mind. This means that as you teach your students about science content, you should always be thinking about the processes they are learning as well. This lesson will help you divide your science curriculum into four major units of study, but within each study, think about how to teach your students to think, work, and learn like scientists.

Some of the scientific processes emphasized in TEKS include:

  • Asking deep questions
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Collecting and recording data
  • Drawing logical conclusions

Scientific methods also include using a variety of different tools for measurement and observation, as well as learning how to communicate about scientific problems and findings.

Now let's focus on the four major content areas you will teach your second graders about, all the while helping them investigate, ask big questions, and draw meaningful conclusions.

Matter and Energy

Your students began learning about how to categorize matter and energy based on their properties as first graders. In second grade, you will teach them how to classify matter based on its physical properties. This includes teaching them about:

  • Shape
  • Mass
  • Temperature
  • Texture
  • Type of matter

You will also teach students what kinds of things can happen to matter that change its physical properties, and how to put different kinds of matter together to make something new like a bridge or tower. This unit will help students become experts on the objects they encounter and work with each day.

Force, Motion, and Energy

A second major unit will teach your students about changes in energy and how force and motion work. This includes learning how magnets work and what different kinds of motion objects can display. This unit should also include investigation of the way light, heat, and sound can impact different objects, like melting butter or changing the color of an object. Let your students experiment with different kinds of energy, drawing conclusions about the different ways force and energy can impact the objects in the world around them.

Earth and Space

In this unit, under TEKS, second graders should learn how to observe and describe different kinds of rocks and also different types and sources of water. They should learn how to tell the difference between land forms that are natural and those that are manmade.

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