Almorzar Conjugation: Command & Preterite

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  • 0:03 The Verb Almorzar
  • 0:24 Almorzar in Past Tense
  • 1:07 Preterite of Almorzar
  • 2:57 Almorzar in the Imperative
  • 4:29 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

In this lesson learn about the Spanish verb ''almorzar'' ('to have lunch') and its usage in the past tense, specifically the preterite. Also, we'll look at the imperative to learn how to give commands or make suggestions when using this verb.

Introducing the Verb Almorzar

What time do you usually have lunch? Or do you prefer having a late breakfast instead? You will need the Spanish verb almorzar, meaning 'to have lunch' in order to talk about food habits with Spanish speakers. Moreover, learning about the imperative will help you understand daily conversations or restaurant signs.

Using Almorzar in the Past Tense

You are strolling around the streets of Granada, in Spain, when you come across one of your classmates, Teresa.

Teresa says: ¿Ya almorzaste? (which means 'Did you have lunch already?')

You respond: No, no almorcé todavía. ('No, I haven't had lunch yet.') Mis amigos almorzaron temprano pero yo no tenía hambre. (or 'My friends had lunch early but I wasn't hungry.') ¿Y tú? ('And you?')

Teresa replies: Yo tampoco. ('Me neither.') Ayer mis amigos y yo almorzamos pescado en un restaurante estupendo. ('Yesterday my friends and I had fish for lunch in a great restaurant.') Podemos ir juntos después. ('We can go together later.')

Preterite Conjugation of Almorzar

See how the verb almorzar is used in the examples we've just gone over? Whereas the verb comer (or 'to eat') is used in a general sense, almorzar means specifically 'to have lunch,' so we'll use it when referring to eating around noon or in the afternoon, although the time is variable. In Spain, for example, people usually have lunch late (around 2 or 3pm) and take their time, too!

Almorzar can be used either on its own, meaning 'to have lunch,' or followed by an object, meaning 'to have something for lunch,' like pescado ('fish').

The verb almorzar follows the regular conjugation pattern in the preterite. This means that we only need to take the stem almorz- and add the corresponding endings:

VERB: almorzar (ahl-mohr-SAHR) - to have lunch

Subject Pronouns Almorzar Conjugation: Preterite Pronunciation Translation
yo almorcé ahl-mohr-SAY I had lunch
almorzaste ahl-mohr-SAHS-teh you had lunch
él/ella/usted almorzó ahl-mohr-SOH he/she/you (formal) had lunch
nosotros/nosotras almorzamos ahl-mohr-SAH-mohs we had lunch
vosotros/vosotras almorzasteis ahl-mohr-SAHS-tays you all had lunch
ellos/ellas/ustedes almorzaron ahl-mohr-SAH-rohn they/you all (formal) had lunch

As you have probably noticed, there is only a minor change that affects the first person singular. According to the spelling rules, in verbs ending in -zar', the z changes into c when followed by -e.

Using Almorzar in the Imperative

You're starting to feel peckish, so you say to Teresa:

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