Alphabet Lessons for Kindergarten and Preschool

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Derek Hughes

Derek has a Masters of Science degree in Teaching, Learning & Curriculum.

Teaching the alphabet is a large part of teaching preschool and kindergarten. Explore some activities to teach the alphabet in the classroom, including learning about the letter of the week, creating activities for writing, and identifying letters through images and sounds. Updated: 10/25/2021

Teaching the Alphabet

If you are a preschool or kindergarten teacher, the most important lessons you are going to teach your students are going to be about the alphabet. Teaching the alphabet in preschool and kindergarten involves teaching students to write letters, identify letters, and associate letters with sounds.

This lesson will follow the plans of a kindergarten teacher, Mrs. Matthews, which will incorporate all three aspects of teaching the alphabet. The activities detailed in this lesson can be adjusted to be appropriate for younger students, such as those in preschool.

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  • 0:00 Teaching the Alphabet
  • 0:33 Letter of the Week
  • 0:59 Activities for Writing Letters
  • 1:37 Activities for…
  • 3:15 Activities for…
  • 4:50 Lesson Summary
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Letter of the Week

In her kindergarten classroom, Mrs. Matthews likes to frame her alphabet lessons with a letter of the week. In this routine, the beginning of new week of school means that students will be introduced to and learn all about a brand new letter. The letter of the week helps frame all of Mrs. Matthews activities around a single letter. The activities mentioned in this lesson can all be fit into the letter of the week framework.

Activities for Writing Letters

In Mrs. Matthews' classroom, learning to write letters comes down to repeated practice. Students spend a lot of time throughout the week practicing writing their new letter of the week. For example, Mrs. Matthews has small, individual whiteboards on which students can practice their letters, erase, and try again.

There are many other ways to have students practice writing letters. One creative way is to have individual plates of colored sand into which students should practice writing letters with their fingers. This gives the student tactile experience with the letters. It also helps students who might still be struggling to hold a pencil or crayon practice writing the letters.

Activities for Identifying Letters

After Mrs. Matthews has introduced the new letter of the week to her students, many of her lessons are focused on helping students identify the letters in isolation, in words, and in sentences. It is important to give students ample experience seeing letters in different environments, as this skill will eventually lead them to learning to read.

Aside from rote activities, such as finding and circling letters in words or sentences, Mrs. Matthews likes to try and make letter identifying activities as fun as possible. One of the ways she does this is through letter basketball. In this game, pieces of paper with large letters written on them are placed around a trash can. Students take turns identifying a letter they are told, grabbing the paper, crumpling it up, and throwing it in the trash can, much like basketball.

Letter basketball is a movement-based game that will help students gain practice finding letters. Because it uses fun and movement as its core mechanics, students will stay engaged longer and be able to practice the skill more.

Mrs. Matthews has also modified many common board games to be letter-identification themed. In these board games, instead of moving to a certain color or a number of spaces, students have to move to a letter. These board games can be used with each new letter learned and also as a review of previously learned letters.

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