Analogies Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples

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  • 0:03 What Is an Analogy?
  • 0:33 Completing Analogies
  • 1:59 Using Analogies to…
  • 2:35 Analogies in Literature
  • 3:09 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of analogies. You'll learn how to complete simple analogies to learn vocabulary, and you'll explore the use of analogies in literature.

What Is an Analogy?

An analogy is a comparison between two items based on a similar characteristic or feature. Analogies can be very helpful when learning new vocabulary. Simple analogies are presented in pairs, with the first pair having the same relationship as the second pair. For example:

  • Nest is to bird as dam is to beaver.

In this analogy, a nest is the home a bird builds, and a dam is the home a beaver builds. The two sets of words have the same relationship.

Completing Analogies

For Bernie's birthday, his dad hid his presents. Bernie has to use a treasure map to find the presents. The words in the blanks will be the clue to Bernie's map. Each line on the map is an analogy that Bernie needs to complete.

  • _____ is to eyes as listen is to ears.

Look at the complete pair first. Ears are used to listen. Next look at the incomplete pair. The word that goes in the blank should be something eyes are used to do. Eyes are used to look. The answer to the first clue is look.

  • Up is to down as out is to _____.

Up and down are opposites. The missing word should be the opposite of out. Up is to down as out is to in. The answer to the second clue is in.

  • Exhausted is to tired as ancient is to _____.

Exhausted means very tired. The missing word should have a similar relationship to the word ancient. Ancient means very old. The answer to the third clue is old.

  • Plane is to fly as _____ is to drive.

A plane moves by flying. The missing word should be something moved by driving. A car is moved by driving. The answer to the fourth clue is car.

When Bernie solves the four analogies, he finds the clue: look in old car. When he goes to the driveway and looks in his dad's old car, Bernie finds his birthday presents!

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