Analyzing Physical Education Lesson Plans

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  • 0:04 Components of Planning
  • 1:00 Meeting Objectives
  • 2:00 Being Comprehensive
  • 3:20 Developmentally…
  • 4:06 Considering Safety
  • 5:07 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Teachers need to keep several aspects in mind when designing lessons, like skill level and purpose. This lesson describes necessary components of physical education lesson plans and details what aspects to include.

Components of Planning

Mr. Dibb was just hired to teach physical education (PE) classes in the morning and math in the afternoon. Though his two roles may be very different, he will keep the same aspects in mind when planning lessons. Do you know what these are? When developing lesson plans, or guides used to organize teaching, teachers across the curriculum and grade levels have the same important components to consider. They should make sure the plans are:

  • Geared toward objectives
  • Comprehensive
  • Developmentally appropriate
  • Safe

In other words, Mr. Dibb will write plans that are focused on an educational objective, or what the students need to know about the topic. He'll also include activities and instruction that are appropriate for the grade and skill levels of his students, and make sure the plans are comprehensive, or cover the necessary aspects. Finally, he needs to make sure his students will be safe while they learn and perform skills. Let's take a closer look at these components.

Meeting Objectives

Mr. Dibb is lucky, since his school uses a curriculum guide that outlines educational objectives clearly for each skill students are expected to know. For example, students in a third grade physical education class should be able to dribble a ball with one hand for 30 seconds. Because the objectives are clearly stated, Mr. Dibb can design lessons that help students make progress towards these goals. How does this work?

When planning lessons, Mr. Dibb will first check the objective. Let's stick with the dribbling example. Knowing the objective is for students to be able to dribble with one hand for 30 seconds, he'll ask himself what instructional methods he can use to teach his students this skill. Maybe he'll demonstrate dribbling, telling students about what his hands and arm are doing while asking students to watch closely. Or he may design a lesson that allows students to practice dribbling while he circulates and offers assistance. No matter what the next steps are in teaching, supporting, and evaluating, the first one is always to identify the objective.

Being Comprehensive

After Mr. Dibb has focused on an educational objective, his next step is to design a comprehensive lesson plan. This plan will include all necessary information to help him develop, teach, support, and evaluate students. While many different types of lesson plans exist, Mr. Dibb's school uses a lesson plan template, or a document that lists the criteria they find most important and useful. It includes an educational and lesson objective, the necessary materials and instructional methods, practice with support, independent practice, and an evaluation.

Mr. Dibb first states his educational objective: dribbling a ball for 30 seconds. This is the overarching objective and can't be accomplished in one day, so it remains the same for several lessons. Next, he writes the objective for the day - in this case, for students to learn proper foot placement when dribbling. He details the materials and equipment he needs - basketballs for each student - and then he details how he'll teach. Maybe he'll use technology, such as showing the students a video, to demonstrate.

Before sending students off for independent practice, he'll work with students as a class. Finally, he decides how he'll determine if the lesson met the objective, or how he'll evaluate success. He may use a checklist as he observes students or have each student demonstrate the new skill.

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