Angiosperm vs. Gymnosperm Lesson Plan

Instructor: Adrianne Baron

Adrianne has a master's degree in cancer biology and has taught high school and college biology.

It is easy to think of all plants as just being plants until you look closer at their characteristics. Your students will have a good time learning about gymnosperms and angiosperms as they watch videos, complete a group assignment, play a game, and complete worksheets.

Lesson Objectives

At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define gymnosperm and angiosperm
  • Identify examples of gymnosperms and angiosperms
  • Describe differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms


2 hours

Curriculum Standards


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.


Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.



  • Begin the lesson by telling your students that they may think about all plants as just being plants, but they are classified based on their characteristics the same way animals are.
  • Tell them they are going to watch 2 videos to help them learn about 2 groups of plants.
  • Start the Gymnosperms: Characteristics, Definitions, & Types video. Pause it for periodic discussions.
  • Pause the video at 0:38, then ask and discuss:
    • What is a seed?
    • What is a gymnosperm?
    • Why are these seeds referred to as naked seeds?
  • Continue playing the video and pause it again at 0:53. Ask and discuss:
    • What do gymnosperms not have around their seeds?
    • What do gymnosperms not produce?
    • How are gymnosperms pollinated?
  • Play the video until 3:11, then ask and discuss:
    • How many major divisions of gymnosperms exist?
    • To which group does the Gingko Biloba tree belong?
    • When did the plants in the Cycadophyta division thrive?
    • Which division of gymnosperms contains the ephedra plant?
    • What is the name of the division that contains pine trees?
    • What is a characteristic of that division?
  • Allow the remainder of the video to play for review.
  • Give the opportunity for students to ask any questions they may have at this point and discuss the answers.
  • Start playing the Angiosperms: Characteristics, Definitions & Examples video.
  • Pause the video at 1:42 to ask and discuss the following questions:
    • What is an angiosperm?
    • What percentage of living plants are classified as angiosperms?
    • What function do flowers serve?
    • What are stamens?
    • What is the name of the female reproductive part of the flower?
    • What acts as a food source for developing seeds in angiosperms?
  • Continue playing the video and pause it again at 3:24. Ask and discuss the following questions:
    • What is an example of an angiosperm that you have seen in your neighborhood?
    • What part of an angiosperm is a tomato?
  • Let the remainder of the video to play for review.
  • Give your students a chance to ask any questions they have at this point.

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