Animal Reproduction Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

If you are discussing animal reproduction, this lesson plan explores every stage in the process. Students will watch a video, participate in discussion questions, complete an activity and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • identify and explain the two types of reproduction
  • explain each stage in the fertilization process
  • define and explain the reproduction process for hermaphrodites


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.4

Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.5

Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the topic.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.7

Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).



  • asexual reproduction
  • sexual reproduction
  • gametes
  • hermaphrodites
  • cleavage
  • zygote
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • endoderm
  • organogenesis


  • Prior to the lesson, assign the vocabulary and review with the class to ensure accuracy.
  • Begin this activity by asking students to discuss how animals reproduce.
  • Now explain that they will explore the process of animal reproduction in this lesson further.
  • Distribute a copy of the Overview of Animal Reproduction and Development lesson, play the video, pause at 02:26, then start the following discussion:
    • Identify and explain the two types of reproduction methods.
    • Explain the many forms of fertilization.
    • Do hermaphrodites reproduce differently? Explain.
  • Afterwards, restart the video, stop at 04:24, then ask the class to answer these points:
    • Identify and explain the three major body axes.
    • What stage must cleavage occur and why?
    • Explain the three primary germ layers.
  • Next show the lesson quiz, ask students to write down the answers, then review.

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