Anti-Bullying: Definition & Policy

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  • 0:03 What Is Anti-Bullying?
  • 0:58 Prevention Strategies
  • 2:48 Anti-Bullying Policies
  • 4:31 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

Bullying can cause a person a great deal of harm. Anti-bullying measures can help to combat bullying. This lesson describes the ways parents, schools, communities, and legislatures have helped combat bullying.

What Is Anti-Bullying?

Anti-bullying refers to laws, policies, organizations, and movements aimed at stopping or preventing bullying. Bullying is a situation where a person, called a bully, verbally or physically threatens or assaults a person, causing the person to feel a real or perceived power imbalance. Bullying can cause a person to feel extreme distress. It may lead to changes in sleep and dietary habits. It can even put someone at greater risk for committing suicide. This is why it's so important to prevent bullying.

Seeing as any physical or verbal assault of that nature is wrong, many policies have been enacted in the U.S. to combat bullying. Let's first look at some prevention strategies that can be employed by anyone who is bullied or knows of someone who is being bullied and then move on to some policies that have been implemented to try and stop bullying.

Prevention Strategies

Bullying prevention strategies can be employed by parents, schools, and even communities. Let's start with the parents first. Parents can help their children prevent bullying or at even put an end to it by:

  • Listening, without judgment, to their children when they discuss any perceived bullying.

  • Advising their children as to what bullying is and isn't.

  • Teaching their kids how to tell a bully confidently to stop or how to dismiss the bullying with humor. The parents should also teach their children how to confidently walk away from the bullying as well.

  • Helping kids understand that if they are being bullied, they should stay near teachers, coaches, or a big group of friends whenever possible.

That gives us a nice segue to the roles schools need to play in preventing bullying. Schools can help prevent bullying by first understanding the problem. They can deploy surveys that will allow them to understand who might be bullied, why, and where. Once the schools get feedback from their students as to the bullying, they can set better policies to address the issue. For example, if the survey finds that most kids report bullying at recess, the school may need to deploy more adults as monitors during recess to stem the problem.

A similar mechanism can be put in place within a community to help kids stay safe and bully-free. Communities, be they led via a local politician or a housing association or a religious institution can likewise conduct an assessment of who is being bullied, where, and when. Then, using the community as a whole, and this may include businesses and law enforcement, strategies can be implemented to minimize bullying. For instance, a community could band together to create a local center for kids who are victims of bullying, one that will offer advice and strategies on how to prevent bullying, how to become more confident, and even provide mental health counseling for those who need it.

Anti-Bullying Policies

Based on all of that, it should come as no great surprise that many governments and schools have implemented similar and many other anti-bullying policies to help prevent bullying. Effective laws and policies aimed at preventing bullying have many features in common. These features and policies include:

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