Apostrophe Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to teach your students about apostrophes. A text lesson guides your class through how apostrophes are used as both contractions and to show possession. This text lesson is supported with plenty of examples, applications and hands-on learning activities. Finish with a game to solidify skills and test understanding with a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain the uses of apostrophes
  • demonstrate understanding of apostrophes in written language


1 hour


  • Copies of the lesson Apostrophes Lesson for Kids: Rules & Examples, one for each student or a master copy to use as a shared reading
  • Chart paper and marker for an anchor chart
  • Mini white boards, markers and erasers
  • Index cards

Key Vocabulary

  • Apostrophe
  • Contraction
  • Possession

Curriculum Standards


Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.


Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.


  • Distribute or display the lesson Apostrophes Lesson for Kids: Rules & Examples and read the first section 'Apostrophes' with students.
  • Write 'Apostrophes' to label the chart paper then work with students to determine and write a definition.
  • Take a closer look at the image in this section and have students work with a partner to identify the apostrophe.
  • Give each partner pair a white board and markers and allow them to practice making the apostrophe.
  • Now read the section 'Apostrophes and Contractions' with students.
  • Create a sub-section titled 'Contractions' and work with students to write a definition for the term. Write several examples.
  • Ask:
    • How is a contraction like a substitute teacher?
  • Read the chart in this section with students and give each student an index card.
  • Assign each partner pair a word/contraction pair and have them write on the index cards. For example, one student in the pair will write 'I am' on one index card while the other student will write 'I'm' on the other index card.
  • Collect cards and redistribute to students, lying face down on desks.
  • Tell students that on your go they should silently look for their partner and stand next to them when found. Give them a signal to use to show they're ready to be checked, such as raising their hand or giving a 'thumbs up.'
  • After all students have found their partner, have them read the index cards aloud to check with classmates.
  • Collect cards and keep for later use as a memory game.
  • Next create another subsection labeled 'Possession.' Read the 'Apostrophes and the Possessive' section with students.
  • Define the term on your anchor chart and write several examples.
  • Practice making nouns possessive with students by creating simple sentences such as 'I have a cat. The cat is Mrs. Smith's.' Have them practice writing 'Mrs. Smith's' on their white boards.
  • When they're ready, read or write simple sentences and allow them to form the possessive independently, holding up their white boards for you to check.
  • After practicing, read the 'Lesson Summary' together and take the quiz to check understanding.
  • Play these games to reinforce apostrophe concepts.

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