Apples Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Whether you're using them for a fall activity theme or teaching about plants, studying apples is fun for young students. This lesson plan looks at the types, history and facts of apples and includes activities.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • identify and describe types of apples
  • explain the history of apples
  • create an apple facts page


45 minutes


  • Differing types (or images) of apples
  • Apple types and labels page (can be found with a simple search)
  • Paper, pencil, crayons, etc.

Key Vocabulary

  • Fruit
  • Orchard
  • Variety

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.2.7

Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.2.8

Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.1

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.


  • Engage students and connect to prior knowledge by giving students five minutes to write everything they know about apples. Have students share facts with their table groups, then the class. Write on chart paper under the title 'Apples.' Ask students to label their notebooks in this way as well.
  • Explain to students that they'll be learning even more about apples. Hand out copies of our lesson Facts About Apples: Lesson for Kids, or show on shared reading device.
  • Read the first section 'Apples, Apples Everywhere!' with students. Ask:
    • Why are apples considered a fruit?
    • Where do apples grow?
    • Which family do apples belong to?
  • Next, read the section 'Types of Apples.' As you read descriptions of each section, show images of or real apples. Discuss:
    • How many different kinds of apples do we have in the United States? In the world?
    • What colors do apples come in?
    • Where did the Red Delicious get its name?
    • What type of apple is very tart?
  • Now read the section 'Apples in History' and ask:
    • When did humans begin eating apples?
    • Who is Johnny Appleseed and what did he do?
    • How many apples are grown each year in the United States?
  • Finally, read the last section, 'Fun Facts About Apples.' Discuss:
    • How long does it take an apple tree to bear fruit?
    • How much fruit does an apple tree produce?
    • Where are apples grown in the United States?

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