Aquifer Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan is a tool for helping students learn about aquifers. Students will be able to define and describe the importance of aquifers, as well as explain some of the consequences if groundwater disappears.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson on aquifers, students will be able to:

  • Ask and answer questions about aquifers.
  • Understand and use academic vocabulary related to the hydrologic cycle.
  • Describe the function of aquifers and the consequences of water loss.


90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.


Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text's explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.


  • aquifer
  • barrier
  • condense
  • ecosystem
  • evaporate
  • geology
  • groundwater
  • hydrologic cycle
  • infiltrate
  • irrigate
  • precipitation
  • sinkhole
  • water table
  • well


  • Copies of worksheet
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Paper
  • Pencils
  • Shoe boxes
  • Foam balls
  • Construction paper
  • Cotton balls
  • Glue/tape
  • Modeling clay
  • Blue acetate
  • Sand
  • Rocks
  • Paint
  • Paint brushes
  • Greenery
  • Access to internet sources

Reading & Discussion Questions

  • Preview vocabulary with students before watching lessons.
  • Watch Aquifer: Definition, Types & Facts as a class, and discuss the following questions:
    • Where does groundwater come from?
    • How are aquifers formed?
    • Why are some aquifers deeper than others?
    • What are some things groundwater is used for?
    • Describe the hydrologic cycle.
    • What happens when water seeps out of an aquifer?
    • How do humans access groundwater?
    • What happens if too much groundwater disappears?
  • Ask if there are any questions; then give the students the lesson's printable worksheet to check for understanding.
  • Check the answers as a class.


Model of Hydrologic Cycle

Materials: Copies of lessons, paper, pencils, shoe boxes, foam balls, construction paper, cotton balls, glue/tape, modeling clay, blue acetate, sand, rocks, paint, paint brushes, greenery

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